Can You Keep a Fridge in the Garage?
Putting a fridge in the garage can be a handy way to increase your food storage space — or just keep drinks in a convenient spot. But many people worry about damaging their appliance by leaving it exposed to the elements.
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Here’s how to protect your garage fridge from extreme temperatures.
Can You Put a Fridge in the Garage?
You can keep a fridge in the garage, but you should first consider the temperature inside your garage. Understanding how modern refrigerators function can help you decide if your setup is suitable for a garage refrigerator.
Most refrigerators work by sensing the surrounding air temperature and adjusting the temperature inside the fridge accordingly. Fridge freezers work by adjusting the temperature inside the freezer and diverting cold air to the fridge from inside the freezer. Very high or low temperatures inside your garage can interfere with this process. Therefore, it’s important to consider your local climate before investing in a garage refrigerator.
What Kind of Fridge Works Best in the Garage?
Some fridges are more suitable to use in garages than others. The primary issue with keeping a fridge in the garage is that the thermostat can become confused if the temperature inside the garage falls outside its acceptable operating temperature range.
Therefore, purchasing a fridge with a wider range of acceptable operating temperatures is a wise choice if you want to keep it in the garage. Older, less efficient fridges can also be better because they aren’t as sensitive to outside temperature fluctuations.
Will a Fridge Work in a Cold or Unheated Garage?
Very cold temperatures can interfere with your garage fridge’s thermostat. If the temperature in your garage dips below a certain level, the thermostat senses the drop in temperature and may register that the fridge is already cold enough, even if it isn’t. When this happens, your fridge may shut off, allowing the food inside to defrost or get too warm. If the temperature gets below freezing, the food inside the fridge could freeze.
You can purchase a heating coil to place over your fridge’s thermostat in the winter to get around this problem. There are various heating coils available that are specially designed to fit fridge and freezer thermostats. Alternatively, you could place a heater or heat lamp near the thermostat.
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Should You Unplug a Garage Fridge for the Winter?
If you don’t have any food in the fridge, unplugging it during icy weather will save you the trouble of heating the thermostat. However, if you still want to use your fridge for food storage, it’s best to leave it plugged in. The internal temperature could still become warm enough for food to spoil if the fridge is turned off, even if the temperature outside is chilly.
Can a Fridge Stay in the Garage During the Summer?
If summers are hot where you live, a fridge in the garage will have to work harder to maintain a cool internal temperature. Humid weather can also cause the fridge coils to rust due to increased moisture. Increased pressure on your fridge’s cooling system will shorten its lifespan, so you’ll need to take steps to stop its cooling coils from overheating.
One of the simplest methods is to aim a fan at the cooling coils when the temperature spikes. If humidity is an issue, a dehumidifier can lower the humidity levels to protect your fridge coils from rust.
Do Garage Fridges Last as Long as Indoor Fridges?
10 Cool Tips for a Garage Refrigerator or Freezer — Family Handyman
If you’ve ever wanted the convenience of a garage or outdoor fridge, here’s what you need to know! Click through for tips on how to keep your garage fridge or freezer running at optimum performance.
Understand the Basics
Before committing to a garage refrigerator, it helps to understand the dynamics of how a fridge works. Without getting bogged down in the details, modern fridges function by comparing the freezer temperature to the outside environment, lowering the temperature as needed, and blowing excess cold air from the freezer area to the fridge area.
This balancing act means a refrigerator or freezer will struggle in a garage without heating or cooling. Excessive heat will force a garage refrigerator or freezer to work extra hard to keep cool, wearing itself out and sending your electric bill into the stratosphere. And freezing temperatures will confuse your freezer, making it think that it’s already reached the proper level of refrigeration. As long as the exterior temperature stays below freezing, your freezer will sit idle, letting its contents thaw out. Once you understand these parameters, you can determine whether a refrigerator works for your specific garage.
All Climate Is Local
If you spend most of your time inside in conditioned air, you might be oblivious to the challenges of your local environment. Unless you’re OK with spending a lot of time and money repairing your fridge, take an honest look at the climate in your region in general, and in your garage specifically.
Possible issues for your garage refrigerator vary by geography. A garage fridge in Arizona may struggle in the heat without much problem with humidity, while one in Louisiana might deal with rust on its coils. Identify the specific threats your fridge will face, and you can help ensure that it will last longer and run efficiently.
Build an Enclosed Conditioned Space
The ideal approach to keeping your garage refrigerator running at peak performance is to regulate the garage air temperature, heating or cooling it as needed. Since this may involve retro-fitting the garage with insulation and venting, it will likely get expensive quickly. A better option is often to condition a small space within the garage, by framing an enclosed space around the fridge.
This allows you to moderate the heat and cold only around the fridge. As a bonus, a climate-controlled space allows you to store other temperature-sensitive items like paint without worrying about them freezing or overheating.
If creating a warm area to keep your beverages cool seems like overkill, then read on for tips for a variety of budgets.
Keeping Things Cool
If building an enclosure isn’t in your budget, or you simply aren’t interested in that large of a project, there are simpler options available depending on your local climate.
If your garage tends to get too hot (more than 100 degrees F), you may benefit from setting up a fan to increase airflow over your fridge’s cooling coils. A ceiling fan will work, or a pedestal fan set up to one side. Just make sure the air is moving across and around the back of the fridge. If your local climate is humid, a dehumidifier helps keep things dry inside the garage. (A dehumidifier will also help reduce the risk of rust on tools and other items stored in the garage.)
If your garage temperature dips below freezing, the thermostat inside the garage refrigerator’s freezer may think it’s cold enough and shut off. To work around this issue, you need to heat the air around the thermostat. One way is to install a heating coil around the thermostat. Many manufacturers make heating coils for their refrigerators and freezers. Or you can buy a generic heater.
Another option is to put a metal clamp-on work lamp near the fridge. Put an incandescent light bulb in the lamp and direct it towards the thermostat. The exact location of the thermostat varies from model to model. But a little bit of experimentation should be enough to locate it.
Newer Isn’t Always Better
Many people grew up with a garage fridge that ran for years without issue. Counter-intuitively, newer fridges often struggle more in a garage than older units. Because newer fridges are often designed to run as efficiently as possible, they are more susceptible to swings in environmental temperature.
Installing a new refrigerator in a non-conditioned space where the temperature falls below freezing or above 100 degrees F will almost certainly violate the warranty of a standard residential refrigerator. Should you need repairs on that fridge, it may not be covered. So an older unit is usually a better choice for a garage.
Tailor-made Garage Refrigerators
So if you lack a spare older fridge and newer units don’t do well in unconditioned space, how are you supposed to have a garage refrigerator at all? Do what your parents did: Replace your kitchen fridge and move the older one to the garage. Another option is to buy a garage-optimized refrigerator.
Garage-optimized (also known as garage-ready) fridges and freezers are designed to take the extreme temperatures and humidity that give standard units problems. And they’re great for eliminating the stress of unexpected repairs. But be sure to do your research before pulling out your credit card. Some units are built for heat but not cold, and vice versa, and they all carry a premium price.
Clear out Garage Debris and Clutter
Besides temperature swings and humidity, garages carry other dangers to proper appliance operation. Most DIYers have garages with a fair amount of sawdust and grime, both of which can collect on a garage refrigerator’s coils. In addition, many garages serve as de facto storage units. Boxes and clutter can pile up on and around the fridge, limiting airflow and restricting its performance.
Just like stacks of clutter outside the fridge can impact its performance, what you put inside the fridge can affect it as well. Ask any appliance repairman. And you’ll be shocked to hear how often fridge troubleshooting reveals that too many or too few items in the fridge are the source of inefficient cooling.
Stock your garage refrigerator with enough items that it isn’t just cooling empty air. Every time you open and close the fridge door, the air is sucked out and replaced. The items in the fridge act as natural ice cubes, helping to cool the new air and preventing the fridge from working too hard.
On the flip side, too many items in the fridge block the blower, preventing cold air from circulating in the unit. This allows the items to warm up, and you’ll soon find yourself pulling warm beverages from the fridge.
Plan for Failure
Perhaps the best tip for a garage fridge or outside refrigerator is to plan for eventual failure of the unit. And if possible, keep food prone to spoilage in the kitchen fridge and freezer. Also, stock the garage refrigerator with items that won’t spoil if they lose refrigeration. Beer and other beverages work great for this, as they are low risk and help keep the fridge cool if you lose power temporarily. Try these simple fixes if your freezer is not working.
Originally Published: February 10, 2021
Ohio-based freelance writer and author Dan Stout is a former residential remodeler, commercial site supervisor and maintenance manager. He’s worked on nearly all aspects of building and DIY including project planning and permitting, plumbing, basic electric, drywall, carpentry, tiling, painting and more. He also publishes noir fantasy thrillers, including The Carter Series, from Penguin imprint DAW Books.
Refrigerator on the street: is it possible to leave and store appliances in non-working or working condition in the cold or in an unheated cottage, at what temperature should you keep the freezer turned on in the garage in winter
When buying new household appliances, it is often difficult to choose a place to store old ones devices that are still usable. Many transport appliances to the dacha or temporarily send them to the balcony until they are sold, without thinking about whether it is possible to store the refrigerator in the cold if it is turned off outside. Complex devices during periods of downtime need special conditions of conservation, their failure to comply leads to corrosion of metal parts, damage to circuit boards and motor failure.
Rules for storage under adverse conditions
Before sending the device to a cold building, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the manufacturer’s recommendations for this particular model of equipment. If the user manual is lost, it can be found online. Cameras should not be used instead of a cabinet, such operation leads to premature deterioration of the seal. The motor, if the refrigerator is standing outside in the cold, wears out faster.
For most devices, use at temperatures below +5 is not allowed, therefore, when the degree in the room drops below the permissible norm, the device is disconnected from the mains, all products are removed. The freezer and refrigerator compartment is washed and wiped dry. Do not place the device in dampness, near ultraviolet sources, and also under direct sunlight.
The body is covered with a cloth to prevent condensation from accumulating. It is not necessary to use plastic wrap for this purpose. If there is no space or the room is not suitable for temperature parameters and humidity levels, they resort to the services of companies providing storage services. An optimal microclimate is created in warehouses, suitable for long-term downtime of any device without negative consequences for it.
Storing a refrigerator in an unheated cottage in winter: the effect of low temperatures on parts
Cold negatively affects not only the internal components of refrigerators and freezers, but also other household appliances. The lower temperature increases the load on the running motor and compressor. In many modern models, a thermostat is installed that turns off the device under adverse temperature conditions. The cold microclimate affects the components in different ways:
- The thermostat turns off the motor and does not give a start signal until the reading rises to the minimum allowable values.
- Cracking of the paintwork on the body, the appearance of corrosion in conditions of high humidity.
- Oil begins to thicken in a cold building, the degree of thickening depends on the type of oil and temperature limits.
- Storing the refrigerator in an unheated room in winter is dangerous due to the appearance of condensation on circuit boards and electrical parts, which leads to oxidation of contacts and corrosion.
- Low temperature contributes to the boiling of freon, the refrigerant accumulates in the compressor and causes damage to the operating equipment.
- Freezer evaporator has build-up of snow that, after thawing, causes problems with cooling, contributes to the leakage of freon.
Frosty microclimates are especially dangerous for models with the No Frost system. If it is not possible to find a suitable place for the unit, there are doubts whether it is possible to store the refrigerator in an unheated room, do not plug it into the mains at readings below +5 ° C, do not open the doors, do not move the product, but give it to the warehouse for long-term storage.
Points to be considered
Food and canned food must not be left in the cold building, and storage shelves must not be used. Condensation accumulates on them, which leads to the appearance of fungus on the walls and seal. The equipment is installed so that the sun’s rays do not fall on it. They are detrimental to plastic parts, causing discoloration and brittleness. Answering the question whether it is possible to keep the refrigerator in the cold in an idle state, we note that the subsequent inclusion is possible only after preliminary preparation after a long period of inactivity. With forced maintenance with a minus, the following rules are followed:
- Disconnect from the mains when the temperature drops to +5 and below. Operation at such readings greatly reduces the life of the motor and compressor.
- Ensure a stable microclimate in the room where the unit is installed, avoiding a decrease to minus.
- Restrict children’s access to the appliance, as a vacuum is created at low numbers, it will be impossible to open the doors from the inside.
- Condensation always forms in the chambers and boards in the cold, therefore, for fire safety purposes, it should not be included in the period of storage of the refrigerator in the cold.
- Retractable elements are fixed to the walls with adhesive tape so that they are not damaged when moving the body.
Turned on and off household appliances react differently to cold microclimates. For working devices, low numbers are detrimental, it is possible to ignite the motor and electrical wiring. If there are no options to reduce the time of the negative impact of adverse conditions, it is necessary to try to reduce the period to a minimum.
Permissible temperature for refrigerator
There are no average indicators at which long downtime is allowed without negative consequences. For devices with the No Frost system, a mode below +10 ° C is not recommended. If you doubt whether it is possible to keep the refrigerator on the street in winter, the answer is unequivocally – no. Old-style cameras can work in a dry room at +5?C. It is recommended to limit the working time, turn off the equipment as soon as possible.
When switching on for the first time after a standstill, make sure that there is no condensation on the parts and in the chambers. When saving in the country during the entire cold time, the unit is not operated. It is included in the season when the weather has returned to normal. Heaters and other electrical equipment must not be used to dry and warm up the chambers. Heat will damage the evaporator and refrigerant piping. Warming up is carried out in a natural way with indications of at least +15?
Storing a refrigerator in the winter
Many people ask if it is possible to store a refrigerator outside at sub-zero temperatures in a place protected from rain. Such downtime is harmful to equipment and greatly reduces its service life in the future. The opinion that the unit is perfectly preserved in frosty weather when turned off is erroneous. It can break down during a period of inactivity, and a malfunction will suddenly come to light at the moment of switching on. There is no need to leave the cameras open, especially on the street, otherwise the plastic and sealant will begin to break down under the influence of ultraviolet radiation.
Remove all contents from the refrigerator and freezer and thoroughly wash and wipe dry, inside and out. These works are best done in advance, until the temperature drops to + 5 ° C. When deciding whether it is possible to keep the refrigerator inoperative and how to store it turned off in an unheated room, remember that it is recommended to insulate the case. It is installed away from entrance doors and opening windows to avoid the negative impact of temperature changes.
All shelves and sliding parts must be fixed with adhesive tape to adjacent walls. To insulate the body, a dense fabric, an old bedspread, is suitable. Can be pre-wrapped with polymer. It all depends on the quality of the preparatory work and careful attitude to the unit. The preserved apparatus can be stored in a dry, cold building for a long time without the risk of breakage.
Preparing the room
Installation is allowed in a dry building, where condensation does not form, direct sunlight does not fall on the equipment. If further operation is planned in an unheated area, the case is also covered with a thick cloth. It should not be splashed, snow blown in by the wind. Additional insulation with a thick blanket or other similar material will protect the outer parts from moisture.
Talking about whether it is possible to store a refrigerator in a garage in winter, we emphasize that the doors cannot be opened when the device is turned off. It should not be moved to another location. Any impact on the door in the cold can damage the seal, it will need to be replaced. Compliance with the rules for conservation will help protect it from damage.
Turn off or turn on
Many manufacturers advise against plugging in the unit. The compressor is under increased load due to changes in the properties of the refrigerant. This leads to increased wear, short circuit or fire. To the question of whether it is possible to leave the included refrigerator in the cold, we will answer that it is absolutely impossible. This is detrimental to the motor.
How to keep the refrigerator running in cold weather
Doors and windows must be hermetically sealed in the room where refrigeration equipment is installed. In the country house, balcony and veranda, it is recommended to check the roof for leaks and cracks so that it does not blow out or get damp during heavy rainfall. With temperature fluctuations, the paintwork bursts. In the cold season, the compressor starts hard, and the thermostat turns it off when the values drop below + 5 ° C.
Before storing the refrigerator in the country during the winter, it is recommended to change the engine oil if it is of poor quality. In modern models, semi-synthetic and mineral oils are used. When it gets cold, snow builds up on the evaporator. This is due to the peculiarities of freon response to low temperatures. A snow cap in the form of dry streaks may also appear on No Frost models. Therefore, it is desirable to warm up the room when the readings fall below the permissible figures.
For warming up, an electric heater or a wind blower set to warm up mode is suitable. Heating equipment is installed away from the housing so that direct heat flow does not fall on the evaporator and engine compartment. When deciding whether it is possible to keep the refrigerator turned on in the cold, let’s say that it is allowed only if the microclimate in the storage area is maintained within acceptable limits.
Operation of equipment after wintering
Due to a long period of inactivity, the device cannot be turned on immediately. It is necessary to inspect it for defects, rust and condensation. When transferred to heat, the unit is allowed to adapt to new conditions within 2 hours. Drying of the chambers is carried out in a natural way by wiping dry with a rag and opening the doors for ventilation until completely dry. Before turning it on for the first time, you need to carry out the following manipulations:
- indicators in the room must be at least +15;
- check the instructions at what temperature your refrigerator model can be stored;
- remove the insulation, inspect the body, whether there is moisture inside and outside;
- check parts for rust and visible damage;
- do not accelerate drying with a hair dryer, wind blower or heaters;
- do not warm up the compressor and evaporator with appliances and hot water;
- the process of drying and warming up in a natural way lasts 1 day.
After transferring to the main place, before the first start-up, check the unit’s operability in idle mode. Violation of the temperature regime and ignoring preventive measures leads to a malfunction of the motor part, damage to the sensor. A faulty control unit will make the equipment untunable, frost will quickly appear on the evaporator, and the equipment will fail.
Possible problems after wintering
If you are in doubt whether it is possible to keep the refrigerator in the cold in working condition, remember that idle time in improper conditions leads to serious damage. Even when all preventive measures are observed, performance problems are possible:
- the motor is running, but the chambers are not cooling – compressor malfunction or freon leak;
- the freezer quickly freezes – the defrosting sensor is broken;
- does not turn on or off, does not respond to fine adjustments – the temperature sensor needs to be replaced.
When transporting to a new location, the transport regulations are observed. It is carried vertically or on its side so that the freon supply tube is directed upwards. After the transfer, the equipment is given some time for the oil to glass back into the compressor, otherwise the capillary tube will be damaged, the evaporator will stop cooling.
How to extend the life of a refrigerator
Any model must be kept clean and timely turned off for washing, preventive cleaning should be carried out at least once every 6 months. Above, it was described in detail whether it is possible to put a refrigerator in a cold room and on the street in winter, but one nuance was not taken into account. If, after a long period of inactivity or after operation at a low temperature, an unpleasant odor appears in the chambers, it is recommended to transfer the unit for preventive diagnostics and repair. Extending the life of the device is easy if you follow simple recommendations:
- carry out routine inspections and maintenance in a timely manner;
- observe the correct temperature readings during operation;
- do not turn on the equipment in frosty weather or immediately after moving to a new location;
- control the level of humidity in the room, prevent the spread of dampness;
- the damaged coating is painted over with a new coat of automotive paint;
- protect as much as possible against possible corrosion.
To remember the answer to the question of whether it is possible to leave the refrigerator on the street in the winter when it is working – absolutely not. It should not be placed outdoors for a long time. Such a temporary measure is permissible only for the period of preparation of the premises for permanent storage. In this situation, you need to take care of protecting the case from ultraviolet radiation and precipitation by placing the product under a canopy. Equipment manufactured in the Soviet period is more resistant to operating conditions. If the electrician is in good condition, such devices can be turned on with positive values on the thermometer.
When deciding whether to keep the refrigerator outside in winter, remember that the manufacturer will void the warranty due to improper conditions. For products under warranty, such preservation is unacceptable. According to the specifics of the breakdown, the employees of the service center will determine such violations. To minimize the risk of damage, follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the use and care of the unit.
It is not always possible to install refrigeration equipment in a heated room. The task of the user is to carry out the correct preservation and maintain the desired temperature. When determining whether it is possible to put a refrigerator on the street in winter, consider the period the product has been in adverse conditions. The longer the freezer stays in the cold, the more it will be affected by the violation of the regime. If there is no suitable place for installation for a long downtime, it is recommended to contact a specialized company providing storage services. This offer allows you to keep the equipment in working condition for an unlimited period of time.
Damage that occurs while the device is in the cold will have to be repaired at your own expense. They appear due to the fault of the user, therefore they are not subject to warranty service. Before deciding whether to put the refrigerator outside in winter, to what temperature it can be there, evaluate all the risks and positive aspects of such storage.
Is it possible to store a refrigerator in the cold or in an unheated room turned off
When leaving the country house after the end of the gardening season, it is often necessary to leave the most beloved household friend of the family, namely the refrigerator, in the cold. But is it possible to do this, is it worth keeping it turned off in the cold? Will it not turn out that after another winter in the garden house, the refrigerator will no longer carefully store fresh food?
The effect of low temperatures on parts
Cold affects the refrigerator, just like any other mechanism. At low temperatures, water freezes, the climatic situation in the room changes, and therefore the parts and components of this device will experience a special load.
What happens to parts in the cold:
- Thermostat . The numerical indicators of this device, namely the installation and differential, in an unheated room will be far from the norm, and therefore, if you try to turn on the device, nothing will work. The electrical circuit simply will not close, but when off, low temperatures will have almost no effect on the thermostat.
- Oil . Different models of refrigerators are characterized by the use of different types of oils, which will react differently to low temperatures, but regardless of the type, as the temperature decreases, they will gradually thicken.
- Freon . The pressure drops in the line in the cold, and therefore, when you try to turn on the refrigerator, the freon may refuse to leave the condenser, but this, perhaps, will not affect the device that is turned off.
- Evaporator . At low temperatures, ice growths appear on it, which, during defrosting, will adversely affect the operation of the unit, especially the No Frost system will not like it.
- Seal . Here it will really suffer very much from low temperatures, since rubber is not intended for frost, and therefore it will begin to crack, collapse and lose its flexibility.
- Electronic boards and conductors . Moisture, which is usually a constant companion of low temperatures, will adversely affect their performance.
- External coating. The protective layer and paint that covers the refrigerator will also crack under the influence of cold and high humidity. The device may begin to rust.
An additional load on the external parts of the device will be caused by its being outside in winter.
Some families are forced to store refrigerators on an open balcony, and therefore air, moisture and sunlight will definitely negatively affect its appearance and service life.
What you need to pay attention to
If, nevertheless, there is no other way out, and you have to leave the refrigeration unit in an unheated room, then you need to pay attention to the following points and perform the following actions:
- usually there is data regarding the temperature regime for the operation of the device and storing it in the off state.
- If there is no such information, then it is recommended to disconnect the device from the network as soon as the temperature drops to +5 degrees. This is an acceptable minimum, below the refrigerator will already work with great wear and tear.
- Be sure to remove all food from the unit, clean it and prepare it for wintering.
- Try to move it to a place where it will not be exposed to direct sunlight, snow and rain.
- It is better to cover the device with a cloth so that the condensate does not settle directly on the surface of the unit.
- During wintering, it is better not to touch the refrigerator, do not open the doors so that the rubber seals are not damaged, and you should definitely not turn on the device in the cold, although he himself should not allow this to be done.
By following these simple rules, you can make the wintering of your beloved household friend the most comfortable and least harmful for his subsequent operation.
Features of using the device after wintering
After wintering in an unheated room, the device can again be returned to life and useful operation, but this must be done wisely. First of all, you need to dry the device well so that there is no short circuit. You need to make sure that there are no ice growths on it, and all parts are dry, only after that you can think about using the unit.
Turn on the refrigerator only after it has completely warmed up.
To do this is quite simple, you just need to create a temperature around the device higher than +10 degrees. It is recommended to keep the device turned off at room temperature for at least 2 hours , but it is better to extend the period up to a day.
Some craftsmen with the help of heating elements heat up only a compress, in this case the refrigerator will also work, but such irresponsible handling of the device will lead to a decrease in the useful life of the device.
Usually gardeners don’t have problems drying and warming up their equipment, because the summer season starts when the ambient temperature reaches high enough levels, which means that the refrigerator has already had time to completely thaw, dry and warm up. In this case, it is enough to simply externally assess the performance of the device and turn it on to the network.
How to prolong the life of the refrigerator
If the device is forced to spend the winter in an unheated room, then over time its functionality gradually begins to lose ground. However, you can follow several simple rules to extend the life of your refrigerator:
- Always keep the appliance clean.
- Maintain an acceptable indoor humidity level.
- Keep the unit out of direct sunlight.
- Always adhere to the correct operating and storage temperatures for the device.
- Replace all failed parts in time.
- Be aware of the periodic maintenance of the machine.
- Protect the instrument from rust.
- If the outer coating is damaged, the refrigerator should be painted with a special protective paint, this can be done in the car painting salon.
- If foreign chemical odors appear in the refrigerator, it may not be safe to store food in it, it is better to take the unit for repair.
Something else to remember
If the refrigerator is forced to be stored in the cold in winter, and the winter temperature in the home region obviously does not fit into the temperature regime of the device, then this is a serious risk of losing the possibility of warranty repair.
If the instrument is still under warranty, you may not be entitled to a free repair. The service center specialists will immediately determine the cause of the device failure due to improper operating conditions.
Summarizing all of the above, we can answer that it is possible to keep the refrigerator turned off in the cold, but it is better not to do this, since such treatment reduces its service life.