Heater for basement: 8 Best Basement Heaters for a Warm and Cozy Winter

The Best Space Heaters for Basements of 2023

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Even if a basement is only used for storage, leaving it unheated can promote mold growth on books, clothes, and other materials. And, should the pipes freeze in winter, there could be flooding—and an expensive repair bill.

For those who use their basement as a home office, movie room, workout area, or other activity space, warmth is even more important. Unfortunately, a basement often isn’t on the existing HVAC system, and adding it can be prohibitively expensive.

Space heaters are an efficient, cost-effective solution to taking the brrr out of your basement. Read on for helpful intel on what to look for in the best space heaters for basements and check out some excellent options, one of which is likely to suit the size of your basement and how you typically use it.

  1. BEST OVERALL: Dr. Infrared Heater DR-968 Portable Space Heater
  2. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: GiveBest Oscillating Portable Heater
  3. BEST RADIATOR: De’Longhi ComforTemp Full Room Radiant Heater
  4. BEST CERAMIC: Comfort Zone Oscillating Digital Tower Heater
  5. BEST SMART: Heat Storm HS-1500-PHX-WIFI Infrared Space Heater
  6. BEST COMPACT: Lifesmart Infrared Heater with Steel Cabinet
  7. BEST BASEBOARD: Comfort Zone Convection Baseboard Heater
  8. BEST STOVE: Duraflame Infrared Quartz Electric Stove Heater

Photo: amazon.com

How We Chose the Best Space Heaters for Basements

Basements or basement rooms come in a variety of sizes and are used for a variety of functions. Finding a single best space heater that will meet all these demands is practically impossible, so we wanted to offer a variety of devices, each of which has certain strengths. It’s not just about finding the most powerful basement heater—it’s about finding models that meet the needs of as many different people as possible.

Quality and value were also priorities. Cheap space heaters are widely available, but performance can be disappointing, and many lack the reliability we would expect. Nevertheless, our top picks do include some very affordable models, so there should be something for all budgets.

Our Top Picks

It’s now time to look at real-world examples that illustrate the features discussed so far. Our top picks represent the best space heaters for basements in a number of different categories to provide solutions for most situations.

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The Dr. Infrared DR-968 Portable Space Heater uses what the manufacturer calls advanced dual-heating technology. This combines infrared tubes with ceramic elements to heat large basements quickly.

The digital thermostat allows precise temperatures to be set between 50 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Settings are 1,500W for high; 1,000W for low; plus eco mode for maximum energy efficiency. A quiet 39-decibel fan helps push heat around the room. There is a 12-hour timer, and all settings can be managed via the handheld remote control.

The exterior does get warm but not hot, so this Dr. Infrared space heater is safe for use around children and animals. There is overheating and tip-over protection, and the unit is UL listed. At 24 pounds, it isn’t the lightest model, and while it does have casters, they are plastic rather than metal.

Product Specs 

  • Type: Infrared and ceramic
  • Heat settings: 1,000W; 1,500W; eco mode
  • Weight: 24 pounds

Pros

  • Precise digital control can be set between 50 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Quiet circulating fan pushes heat throughout large spaces
  • Handheld remote manages all settings

Cons

  • Premium price compared to other space heaters
  • A bit heavy; best left in the same general area

Get the Dr. Infrared space heater for basements on Amazon or at The Home Depot.

Photo: amazon.com

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Those looking for a portable basement heater at a bargain price should check out this GiveBest model. It is a fan-forced heater with ceramic elements and heat settings of 750W and 1,500W. In summer, the fan can be used on its own to blow air and cool the room. At just 45 decibels, it is quiet enough not to impose.

The GiveBest heater weighs under 4 pounds and has a carry handle molded into the top. It is at its best when used as a personal heater—next to a desk, say—or in small basement rooms. Dials are easy to use, though there’s no accurate temperature setting.

The heater is ETL listed and has both overheating and tip-over protection. However, the latter is operated by a spring-activated button on the base that can sink into deep carpeting, thus producing the same effect as if the heater had tipped and preventing it from turning on. It needs to rest on a fairly solid surface.

Product Specs 

  • Type: Fan-forced ceramic
  • Heat settings: 750W; 1,500W
  • Weight: 3.59 pounds

Pros

  • Light and easy to carry at just under 4 pounds
  • Fan-only option for summer makes it useful year round
  • Good value for those looking for a personal heater or who have a small basement

Cons

  • Fussy tilt sensor can be triggered by carpeted floors; needs to rest on a solid surface
  • Not powerful enough to provide sufficient heat for large basements

Get the GiveBest space heater for basements on Amazon.

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Oil-filled radiators often have a reputation for being slow to heat up. The De’Longhi has multiple fins that increase the amount of surface area, making it produce heat much more quickly than traditional models. Plus, the energy is produced steadily rather than in expensive power surges.

While there are three heat settings, two of them—at 700W and 800W—are virtually the same; selecting both produces a maximum of 1,500W. A key feature of the De’Longhi radiator is the ComforTemp setting that will automatically maintain room temperature at between 68 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. A six-position knob offers further temperature control. There’s also an automatic anti-frost setting to prevent the basement from dropping below zero.

The main construction is steel for durability and, as a sealed unit, it never needs refilling. There have been occasional reports of oil leaks, however. The De’Longhi radiator has overheating protection and is UL listed.

Product Specs

  • Type: Oil-filled radiator
  • Heat settings: 700W; 800W; 1,500W
  • Weight: 22 pounds

Pros

  • ComforTemp energy management automatically maintains room temperature of between 68 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Maintenance-free steel construction is durable and never needs refilling
  • Anti-frost setting prevents the basement from dropping below zero

Cons

  • Premium price compared to other space heaters
  • Occasional leaks reported, an obvious concern

Get the De’Longhi space heater for basements on Amazon.

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Fan-forced ceramic heaters produce almost instant heat, but folks not sitting directly in front of them don’t get the full benefit. To provide warmth over a wider area, this ceramic Comfort Zone tower continuously oscillates through a 70-degree arc.

There is a digital thermostat, and output can be set at 800W; 1,000W; 1,500W; or eco. The latter will maintain the desired temperature automatically, thus saving energy. There’s also an 8-hour shutoff timer. Everything can be controlled via a handheld remote (batteries not included).

The Comfort Zone Oscillating Digital Tower Heater is ETL listed, with overheating protection and a tip-over sensor. It is lightweight and easy to move around. There have been occasional reports of malfunctions, but nothing that suggests a consistent problem.

Product Specs 

  • Type: Fan-forced ceramic
  • Heat settings: 800W; 1,000W; 1,500W; eco
  • Weight: 7 pounds

Pros

  • Precise temperature setting can maintain the temperature automatically to save energy
  • 8-hour shutoff timer and handheld remote control
  • Oscillates in a 70-degree arc to distribute warmth over a wider area

Cons

  • Inconsistent quality control; occasional reports of malfunction
  • Remote batteries not included

Get the Comfort Zone Oscillating space heater for basements on Amazon or at The Home Depot.

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Space heaters tend to obstruct traffic or hog floor space, so this wall-mounted Heat Storm Infrared model is a smart solution. Even smarter, its Wi-Fi control allows settings to be adjusted from anywhere via the free smartphone app. And that’s just the beginning of what this feature-packed model has to offer.

An easy-to-operate touch screen accesses the digital thermostat and timer. Normal output is 1,500W, but eco mode reduces power to match the desired temperature. The fan runs at just 40 decibels, which is described as “library quiet.” There’s also an air filter to capture dust and dander.

The Heat Storm is ETL listed and remains cool to the touch. It also has tip-over protection, which would apply if the unit is used as a floor-standing model; conversion to floor standing is simply a matter of adding feet, though surprisingly these are not included.

Product Specs

  • Type: Infrared
  • Heat settings: 1,500W; eco
  • Weight: 9 pounds

Pros

  • Wi-Fi or touch-screen control allow setting to be adjusted from anywhere
  • Space-saving wall mount; converts to floor unit by simply adding feet
  • Safe cool-touch exterior and tip-over protection

Cons

  • Feet for floor mounting sold separately
  • Premium price compared to other space heaters

Get the Heat Storm space heater for basements on Amazon or at The Home Depot.

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Space heaters almost invariably get bumped and knocked from time to time, which is why tip-over sensors are such an important safety feature. However, physical damage can still occur, which might stop the heater from working. That’s unlikely to happen with the Lifesmart infrared heater, thanks to its tough steel case. Yet, with its modest dimensions of 13.1 inches long by 16 inches wide by 16.5 inches high and neutral gray color, it is neither imposing nor unattractive.

A digital thermostat runs in conjunction with power settings of 1,000W; 1,500W; or eco mode, maintaining a constant 68 degrees Fahrenheit. There’s also a 12-hour on-and-off timer. Settings can be controlled via the handheld remote provided (batteries not included). At 20 pounds, it isn’t the most portable unit, so don’t be fooled by its modest size. This model is neither UL nor ETL listed.

Product Specs

  • Type: Infrared
  • Heat settings: 1,000W; 1,500W; eco
  • Weight: 20 pounds

Pros

  • Tough steel case but compact and convenient size
  • Full 12-hour timer
  • Remote control

Cons

  • Not ETL or UL listed
  • Batteries for remote not included
  • Heavy for its size; inconvenient to move

Get the Lifesmart space heater for basements on Amazon.

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Don’t want to be disturbed by the presence of a space heater? Consider the Comfort Zone Convection Baseboard Heater. It’s not only low profile but is also completely silent as there is no fan. It isn’t the fastest heater, but a choice of 750W or 1,500W output produces gentle heat for modest-size spaces.

Thermostat and power controls are simple knobs, making the Comfort Zone baseboard heater one of the easiest units to operate. However, there is no economy mode or timer. It is ETL listed with a cool-touch body and has both overheating and tip-over protection.

The Comfort Zone baseboard heater is quite basic, but the price is very competitive, and there are few reports of problems. An inexpensive plug-in timer could be added if desired.

Product Specs

  • Type: Convection
  • Heat settings: 750W; 1,500W
  • Weight: 6.2 pounds

Pros

  • Discreet low profile and silent operation provide non-intrusive heat
  • Features easy-to-use controls, overheating and tip-over protection, and a cool-touch body
  • Modest cost yet still ETL listed

Cons

  • No economy mode or timer
  • Not for large spaces

Get the Comfort Zone baseboard space heater for basements at Walmart.

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Most basement heaters aren’t noted for their style, but that’s not the case with this Duraflame stove, which is both efficient and attractive. The steel-and-glass construction mimics a traditional log stove, and flame effects can be adjusted for color, brightness, and speed.

There is a single power setting with a digital thermostat to provide precise adjustment as well as an 8-hour shutoff timer. Controls are cleverly hidden behind the door panel, so there’s nothing to spoil the appearance, and a remote is also provided.

The Duraflame stove has overheating protection but does not appear to be ETL or UL listed. It is expensive but may be a worthy investment for a larger basement as, according to the manufacturer, it can heat an area of up to 1,000 square feet.

Product Specs

  • Type: Infrared
  • Heat settings: 1500W
  • Weight: 30 pounds

Pros

  • Attractive traditional style is both efficient and attractive
  • Flame effects can be adjusted for color, brightness, and speed
  • Controls are cleverly hidden behind the door panel, or the unit can be remote-control operated

Cons

  • Expensive compared to other space heaters
  • Top can get hot; can’t be used as a shelf

Get the Duraflame space heater for basements on Amazon or at Target.

  1. BEST OVERALL: Dr. Infrared Heater DR-968 Portable Space Heater
  2. BEST BANG FOR THE BUCK: GiveBest Oscillating Portable Heater
  3. BEST RADIATOR: De’Longhi ComforTemp Full Room Radiant Heater
  4. BEST CERAMIC: Comfort Zone Oscillating Digital Tower Heater
  5. BEST SMART: Heat Storm HS-1500-PHX-WIFI Infrared Space Heater
  6. BEST COMPACT: Lifesmart Infrared Heater with Steel Cabinet
  7. BEST BASEBOARD: Comfort Zone Convection Baseboard Heater
  8. BEST STOVE: Duraflame Infrared Quartz Electric Stove Heater

Types of Space Heaters for Basements

The term “space heater” covers a variety of different devices and a number of different heating technologies. A basic understanding of how the heat is generated and delivered will help you choose the most appropriate space heater for the way you use your basement.

Fan Forced

Fan-forced space heaters blow air across a heating element and out into the room. They are often relatively inexpensive devices, and while they come in a range of sizes, they are usually light and very portable. They are perhaps the best space heater for personal use, but they are not very efficient for large areas.

Radiator

Oil-filled electric radiators are proven technology that has been around for over a century. Although somewhat slow to warm up, they retain heat longer when turned off. With no naked heating element, they are also very safe. They are often a bit heavy, but most have wheels for easier mobility.

Convection

Convection refers to the process of heat transfer by the bulk movement of molecules within such fluids as gasses or liquids. Convection heaters can run on propane, oil, kerosene, or electricity, and while they come in a variety of styles, basic units simply heat the surrounding area. Like radiators, they are slow to warm up, but they can eventually heat a fairly large space. Many fan-forced space heaters have a convection heat source.

Infrared

Unlike standard heaters that warm the air in the room, infrared (also known as radiant) technology warms objects—and that includes people. Users will feel the effect of an infrared heater almost immediately. Though they are very energy efficient, these heaters don’t dry the air like standard models can. And, while they may save on an energy bill, the initial cost for an infrared heater can be higher than other types of space heaters.

Ceramic

Ceramic heating elements have now largely replaced bars wound with wire that were popular in electric space heaters for many years. The ceramic plates, often found in fan-forced space heaters, warm up faster and last longer than their predecessors. The term “positive temperature coefficient” (PTC) is sometimes used to describe ceramic heating elements.

Micathermic 

Micathermic space heaters combine convection and radiant principles in a single unit. The result is very rapid heating combined with low energy consumption. They are often recommended as the best electric heater for large basements, but right now micathermic space heaters are considerably more expensive than other types.

Baseboard 

As the name implies, baseboard heaters are low-profile units generally intended to be positioned against a wall. Many are electric convection heaters, while some incorporate a fan to blow air across hot coils, and still others are radiant models. Baseboard heaters are effective in medium-size to large basements.

What to Consider When Choosing the Best Space Heater for Basements 

In addition to the way a space heater generates warmth, other factors go into how appropriate a particular model is for a basement space and the way that space will be used.

Power Source and Heating Capacity

While gas and kerosene space heaters are available, electricity is by far the most popular choice. It’s clean and simple, there are no unpleasant fumes, and, generally speaking, it is very safe.

Heating capacity is specified in watts (W). Space heaters may have single or multiple settings, the latter intended to save energy. As a rough guide, experts recommend 10W per square foot. So, if a basement is 100 square feet, it would need a 1,000W heater.

Size, Style, and Portability 

Physical size and appearance tend to be more important in a basement that’s used regularly. The smaller the size, the less the unit will impact the decor of the space, yet some units are more visually appealing than others. They vary from plain and functional, to sleek and modern, to those that mimic the look of a real fireplace or stove.

Portability will be vital if the heater will be moved around to different parts of the basement, rather than one that is permanently situated. Lightweight models needn’t be just for the basement but can be used around the house to provide heat where ineeded.

Safety Features

While electric space heaters are inherently safer than those that produce a “live” flame, most incorporate additional safety features. Overheating sensors are common, turning the device off if vents get blocked or the temperature rises beyond a preset level. Tip-over sensors automatically shut the heater off should it get knocked down. Some models have cool-touch exteriors, and a few have child locks to prevent accidental operation.

Many space heaters are listed by Electrical Testing Laboratories (ETL) or Underwriters Laboratories (UL). These are internationally recognized independent testing standards that guarantee certain levels of safety. However, both are voluntary and costs are involved, so not all manufacturers submit their equipment. While it is reassuring to see, not having either recognition does not necessarily mean a device is dangerous.

Additional Features

The best space heaters for basements incorporate a number of user-friendly features.

  • Thermostats are one of the most popular and, once set, will often automatically maintain a chosen temperature.
  • Timers are another convenience—most allow a particular shutoff period to be set, but some offer more versatility.
  • Handheld remote controls are a convenient way to allow adjustments to be made from across the room.
  • Wi-Fi connectivity allows various control functions to be accessed via smartphone or tablet from almost anywhere.

Safety Tips for Using Space Heaters for Basements

Any source of heat has the potential to cause a fire. While many space heaters have built-in safety features like tip-over sensors, there are a few simple steps you can take to make sure your home is safe.

  • The Consumer Product Safety Commission and the National Fire Protection Association both recommend a minimum 3-foot gap between the space heater and any other object.
  • Turn off and unplug the space heater when not in the room. Many space heaters produce rapid warmth so there’s little need to leave them on when the basement is not occupied. Turning them off will also save money.
  • If the space heater has a hot surface that could burn people or pets, situate it away from places that get a lot of passing traffic. Alternatively, choose a wall-mounted model that can be raised out of the way.
  • Only plug space heaters directly into wall sockets, not into an extension cord or power strip, as these may overheat.
  • Ensure that there’s a functioning smoke alarm in the room.

FAQs

The sections above contain plenty of useful information to help you choose the best space heater for your basement. Below, however, we’ve culled some of the most common questions about these devices and provided simple, straightforward answers to make your decision easier.

Q. Can I use a space heater in the basement?

Absolutely. The space heaters above offer a range of cost-effective ways to heat a basement.

Q. Why should I use a basement space heater?

A cold basement will drain heat from the rest of the home. A basement space heater can also help prevent pipes from freezing and discourage mold growth.

Q. How much space is needed around a space heater?

Most manufacturers and safety organizations recommend a clear space of around 3 feet, though you should always check each device. While some are safe to put on or against a wall, others will need clearance there as well.

Q. Should I use more than one space heater for my basement?

It depends on the size of the basement and how it is used. One space heater can often be enough to maintain temperature and prevent problems. Supplementary heating may be required if the area is used for work or leisure.

Q. What is the most efficient way to heat a basement?

All kinds of heaters can be efficient at heating a basement, but it’s important to choose what’s appropriate for the space and function. The guide above will help you find the best basement heater for various uses.

Q. How can I heat my basement inexpensively?

Heaters that produce radiant heat are among the cheapest ways to heat a basement. Thermostatic control is important so energy isn’t wasted. Consider the space involved. Heaters that have to work at peak performance all the time will be more expensive to run than those that are running at 50 percent capacity, for example

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What Basement Heating Options Are The Best for My House?


HVAC
|
February 14, 2022


With different basement heating options and methods to produce energy-efficient heat, what is the best way to heat a basement? There are many different ways that homeowners can approach the topic of how they are going to heat their basement whether it is a finished or unfinished basement.


When it comes to the things you will have to consider when planning your basement heating system, there are several factors that must be considered including:


  • How much money you want to spend on your project
  • What type of environment do you live in (cold climate vs warm climate)
  • What is best fit for you and your family’s needs?  

So who exactly should consider these heating options above before deciding on one option over another? These basement heating options listed above were made specifically for general homeowners like you!  Here’s an in depth look at 9 different options to consider when it comes to basement heaters.


1. Ductless Heat Pump


When it comes to ductless heat pump systems, you need to make sure that your basement is completely finished before you install this type of system since they require hard-wiring into your electrical system.  It may seem like a pain for homeowners who have already started their project but setting up the wiring for your ductless heat pump is crucial!


If you live in colder climates where temperatures reach subzero degrees then you will want use this basement heating option because it can heat up your home without using too much energy.


2. Electric Radiant Floor Heating


Radiant floor heating is a great option for homeowners who have an unfinished basement since it can easily be installed on any type of basement floor surface including concrete, wood or carpeting.


If you live in colder climates where temperatures drop below freezing then this is the basement heating option that you will want to use because it’s more eco-friendly compared to other options.  It provides you with heat evenly throughout your entire basement which gives off a very comfortable feel!  You don’t even need to use fans or blowers when using radiant floor heating and your family members won’t suffer from dry skin or nosebleeds.


3. Extend Existing Ductwork


If you already have ductwork installed in your basement then it’s very easy to extend the existing ducts to reach other areas of your basement which is why this particular option is one of the most popular for homeowners that have finished basements.


Depending on the type of heating system that you may or may not have will determine if you need to hire a contractor or an HVAC company because some people prefer to do their own work instead of hiring someone else which can definitely save them money!    


4. Electric Space Heater


Electric space heaters are always a great choice for those who are living in warm climates since they are cost-effective but can heat up your basement quickly.  Most basement heating options for homeowners who have an unfinished basement prefer to use portable space heaters since they’re very easy to plug-in or move to different areas of the basement depending where you are spending the most time.


5. Install a Fireplace


If you already have a fireplace in place then it’s definitely best for you to use this heating option. A basement fireplace installation will provide your family with the ambiance of being outdoors while still providing them with warmth which is why so many people love having fireplaces!  


6. Electric Baseboard Heaters


Installing a baseboard heater is another great choice for people who want to prioritize the appearance of their basement over other factors. Both finished and unfinished basement heating options work well with baseboard heaters.  Baseboard heaters use convection which allows hot air to rise and fill your basement since they’re installed only a few inches from the ceiling!


7.

Wall Heaters


If you have an unfinished basement that doesn’t allow for the installation of floor or baseboard heating systems, then wall heaters are a great option. Wall heaters work great because they can be easily mounted to your basement walls.


You can even customize them by painting them whatever color matches your room décor. This is one of those options where it’s a matter of preference whether you want to do it yourself or hire someone else to complete the task for you but either way, this particular type of basement heating system is good for basements that are located in areas where subzero temperatures are common.


8. Wood Pellet Stoves


If you’re into having the rustic look in your basement then a wood pellet stove should be perfect for you because homeowners who have finished basement prefer to use this heating option since it provides them with warmth while adding an extra natural effect to their room!


It’s important that you install a carbon monoxide detector when using wood pellet stoves because they release harmful emissions which can lead to negative effects if inhaled.


9. Add Insulation


Adding insulation helps keep heat within your basement which will make it either warmer or cooler depending on the season.  It’s also cost-effective and can be done in a matter of hours which is why homeowners who have unfinished basements find this option very attractive! Adding insulation to the basement ceiling and walls can help keep heat in the entire room and from escaping upstairs.


Why Should Homeowners Heat Their Basement?


The basement is a wonderful, under-appreciated space in most homes. It stores all of those items you only use occasionally, and sometimes the old toys your kids don’t play with anymore. It can be a place to relax or an entertainment room for guests.


However, basements often have their problems as well.


Challenges to Considering Basement Heating Options


One of the big problems is that they are not heated. If you have a finished basement this means that there is no insulation on the floor and walls most of the time (of course depending on how much work went into finishing it). This leads to things like cold floors and humidity.


The reason more homeowners are looking at basement heating options has mostly to do with warm air rising up through the building which then leaves by way of windows and doors. It is also exacerbated by the fact that basements can occasionally be quite dark. This is especially true in the north where winters are very long and quite cold.


Basement Heating Options and Square Footage


No matter how large or small the basement of a home is, homeowners should put some effort into keeping it comfortable.


The first thing you need to know is that basements are cold because they’re below ground level and have no insulation. You can insulate them from the outside to reduce heat loss but just as effective is finding a way to provide adequate heating. While this may seem like an unnecessary expense if your basement doesn’t have any windows, for example, there are many reasons why homeowners should be proactive about providing their basement with heat.


The first reason why heating your basement can mean significantly improving the quality of your life is that it makes the room more livable year-round. In humid climates, lack of air conditioning becomes a problem in the basement and in dry climates, without heat, this room can become uncomfortably cold.


Why Are Basements So Cold?


Does your basement feel like the arctic tundra in the wintertime? Or maybe it just seems too cold for comfort. No matter how you spin it, they are notorious for being chilly year-round and why so many homeowners search out a basement heating solution.


There are four main reasons why basements remain colder than every other room in the house:


  1. Better living space
  2. No insulation
  3. Heat rises
  4. No direct sunlight

Chances are, your basement is the largest room in your home and you use it as a living space to hang out with friends or watch tv after work – so why not heat it up? Many basements still don’t have any kind of insulation, which means that even though you may be comfortable upstairs, your basement is probably just as cold!


It’s All About Location


Basements also tend to be located furthest away from the HVAC system like furnaces or air handlers, meaning that your heating method will keep it warmer upstairs than down below… Heat rises and cold air is heavier, after all!


And finally, basements very rarely get any sun exposure at all due to their limited windows. This means that they’re often the darkest room in your home, which is why it seems even colder than everywhere else!


With all of these problems to take into consideration, you’d think that basements were doomed to be ice-cold no matter what homeowners did to heat them up. However, there are plenty of ways for anyone with a basement (or even without one!) to heat up their living space and feel comfortable year-round.


Choosing the Best Type of Heating


Most basements are very simple spaces that rely on forced-air heating systems. Forced-air heating works by using a vent or fan to push heated air into your basement room through the floor, walls and around any obstacles like rooms, pipes or support beams.


It’s probably the most common type of home heating system in North America because it’s relatively low-cost but also highly energy efficient when you consider how quickly this type of heater warms up a space. The downside is that it can’t stand alone; if you want to keep your basement warm in the winter, you’ll need to turn this feature on even when you’re not there to enjoy it yourself.


Setting The Mood


If you like your basement as a private area or you’d like to reduce your dependence on this heater, an electric fireplace is a great option. These heaters generate very little noise and don’t require any duct work so they’re basically ready to use as soon as you install them. What’s more, forget about imagining the flickering of a flame; some models even come with LED lights that can change colors.


Hydronic Radiant Floor Heating


Finally, if you want to keep things really simple and low-maintenance, installing radiant floor heating in your basement is one of the easiest ways to go. This type of system works by distributing hot water through tubes underneath the surface of your floors which will warm everything up nicely since floors are usually some of the coldest surfaces around homes anyway.


Plenty to Choose From


While no matter how you heat your basement, the main idea is to make this area a comfortable place to relax and wind down after a long day, it’s also important to take other factors into account. For example, since basements are dark spaces by design you should consider installing some lighting fixtures as well as heavy curtains or blinds that will keep out as much sunlight as possible. This way, not only will your basement look inviting but you’ll feel more relaxed when you’re there too.


Keep Your Basement Warm with ARS/Rescue Rooter


Heating your basement is definitely worth the hassle because it can help improve the quality of life in many ways from adding value and comfort to increasing its usable square footage. With so many types of heating systems available and with all the advantages associated with each one of these, there’s no reason not to consider this project. Just make sure to start with a radiant floor type of heating and avoid using your basement as additional storage space!


To schedule an appointment for one of our comfort specialists about heating installation for your basement, call 866-399-2885 or find your nearest ARS/Rescue Rooter location here.



Insulation of the basement of a private house from the outside

Insulation of the basement with the help of high-quality thermal insulation will create a cozy underground room for household needs (workshop, storage of garden tools, installation of a boiler room, water filtration system, etc.), or for leisure activities (billiard room, sauna , home gym, etc.).

Basement insulation with high-quality PENOPLEX ® boards, which have a very low thermal conductivity coefficient (0.034 W/m∙K), will not only reduce heat loss through the basement, but also prevent the development of fungus and mold. Biostability and immutability of the properties of the material are due to its zero water absorption, i.e. your basement will retain its heat-shielding properties throughout its entire service life.

External thermal insulation of the basement

Insulation of the basement of the house must be carried out at the construction stage, then it is possible to resort to the arrangement of external thermal insulation without any difficulties. This option is preferable to internal insulation, since from the outside, thermal insulation protects the walls from freezing, which can lead to destruction and will not extend the life of the material.

The basement is possible only in houses with a deep foundation, and the walls of the basement are vertical foundation structures, and the floor and ceiling, respectively, are the lower foundation slab and the ceiling (floor) of the first floor.

Types of basement insulation

  • floor insulation of the first floors
  • floor insulation on the ground
  • basement wall insulation from the outside

For external basement insulation, we recommend extra-strong PENOPLEX FOUNDATION ® slabs, which perform well in thermal protection of underground structures.

Video – How to insulate a basement with PENOPLEX boards

Penoplex solutions for basement insulation

PENOPLEX COMFORT®

PENOPLEX® EXTREME

PENOPLEX WALL®

Basement insulation schemes

Pic.

1. External insulation of the basement with the finishing of the walls of the house with a plaster layer on a metal mesh

  1. House wall
  2. Ceiling between ground floor and basement
  3. Thermal insulation PENOPLEX FOUNDATION®
  4. Wire mesh
  5. Cement-sand plaster
  6. Basement wall
  7. blind area
  8. Thermal insulation PENOPLEX FOUNDATION®
  9. Waterproofing
  10. Foundation

Fig. 2. External insulation of the basement with “heavy” finishing of the walls of the house with natural (or artificial) stone or clinker tiles

  1. House wall
  2. Ceiling between ground floor and basement
  3. Wire mesh
  4. Plaster
  5. Stone (tile)
  6. Basement wall
  7. blind area
  8. Thermal insulation PENOPLEX FOUNDATION®
  9. Waterproofing
  10. Foundation

Fig.

3. External insulation of the basement with the decoration of the walls of the house with facade panels (siding, block house)

  1. Building wall
  2. Ceiling between ground floor and basement
  3. Vertical guide
  4. Thermal insulation PENOPLEX FOUNDATION®
  5. Siding
  6. Basement wall
  7. Waterproofing
  8. blind area
  9. Foundation

How to insulate a basement from the inside

It happens that for some reason at the construction stage the basement was not insulated, or over time, the external thermal insulation lost its heat-shielding properties (which is typical for non-moisture resistant heaters). The insulation of such a cold basement in the house is produced from the inside. At the same time, the floor and ceiling of the basement (floor of the first floor) are thermally insulated using the technology of floor insulation on a concrete slab.

How to insulate a basement in a private house

The underground floor has become an almost indispensable part of any country house. Such a room has several advantages: it allows you to increase the usable area of ​​\u200b\u200bhousing, organize an additional storage area or hide a technical room. There are a lot of options for using the basement, some even organize an office, workshop or billiard room. However, regardless of the purpose, it is possible to use the room only if the temperature in it is comfortable at any time of the year and day. And this means that in any case, basement insulation will be required. Even if you do not fully use the underground floor, you cannot do without thermal insulation, as this will reduce the heat loss of the house.

Why insulate the basement

The basement should be insulated in any case, since this procedure allows you to achieve the following:

  • You can effectively use the usable area of ​​the cottage, especially if it is small.

  • The temperature in the basement does not drop to minus, so the room can be used as a cellar or living room.

  • It is possible to reduce the cost of electricity, which is spent on heating the home.

  • The risk of mold and fungus, which affect the microclimate of the first floor, is excluded.

  • Thanks to thermal insulation, the foundation is protected from dampness or deformation as a result of heaving of the soil.

  • The risk of premature destruction of the base is prevented, which in general increases the life of the house.

Types of insulation

Basement insulation can be done in several ways:

  • Internal insulation . A simpler option, which involves warming the basement of the house from the inside. However, when choosing this technique, additional waterproofing of the room will be required, otherwise the constant accumulation of condensate cannot be avoided.

  • External insulation . This method will avoid freezing of the walls from the outside. In cold regions, external thermal insulation is considered more rational, as it provides increased protection without reducing the useful area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe basement. However, such insulation is more difficult to perform.

  • Combined insulation . The most effective, as it implies heat and waterproofing of the basement floor from two sides.

When choosing the method to use, it is important to consider several parameters. Among them are the presence of heating in the basement and the features of the heating system of the whole house. Also important is the humidity regime, the functional purpose of the room and the features of the drainage system.

For buildings that have been built for a long time, the internal method of insulation is optimal. Thermal insulation of the room can be performed completely or in parts – depending on the degree of freezing.

Basement ceiling is closest to outside cold and will cool the fastest. For its insulation, an external inspection for damage is first required. Cracks, chips and deformations must be repaired with cement mortar. After that, the surface is treated with antiseptic and moisture-proof compounds. The next step is the installation of a vapor barrier coating and battens. It is on them that the heat-insulating layer will be attached. The insulation is fixed with a layer of penofol with a special foil coating.

In the event that the ground freezes even lower, then wall insulation may be required. Basement walls are insulated using a similar technology. At the first stage, it is necessary to check the surfaces for damage and deformations. Before starting thermal insulation work, existing defects should be eliminated with putty. Treatment with antiseptics is a mandatory step after leveling the walls, as it will prevent the appearance of mold and fungus. After such treatment, you can proceed to priming the surfaces with waterproofing mastic. The next step involves laying a vapor barrier layer and installing a frame for the crate. As a rule, tile insulation is used, which provides good thermal efficiency. A layer of waterproofing is necessarily fixed on top of the insulation (penofol is most often used). After installing all the layers, you can proceed to wall cladding: plastering, installing panels, etc.

Another important stage of thermal insulation work is basement floor insulation . It is carried out using a similar technology. It is important that after all the work is done, a high-quality finish is on top. The layer of hydro-thermal insulation should be thick enough to avoid freezing of the basement floor from below.

External or external insulation can be performed both at the construction stage and after the start of operation of the house. If the room is completely rebuilt, then its structure will need to be opened. For this purpose, the soil is removed to the width of the free passage. If necessary, a drainage system is equipped, after which the structure is covered with several layers of waterproofing mastic. Fiberglass or roofing material is installed on top. Next comes a layer of thermal insulation materials. An obligatory step is the sealing of the formed joints and voids. It is best to lay another layer of waterproofing on top to protect the insulation from moisture. At the end of the work, the entire structure is covered with soil.

The arrangement of the drainage system is mandatory, as it is important that water does not stagnate around the materials. Otherwise, there is a risk of condensation and rotting of the material, which will lead to a violation of its thermal insulation properties.

Materials used

There are many thermal insulation materials available that have different performance characteristics. The best option for the basement can be called the following:

  • Styrofoam . The most budgetary and affordable material, which is lightweight, resistant to decay and moisture. It has a long service life, but is not suitable for rooms with an increased risk of fire. Styrofoam is highly flammable and releases toxic fumes when burned.

  • Polyurethane foam . Spray-on insulating material that does not allow moisture to pass through, does not burn or rot. With it, you can create a reliable layer of insulation. However, polyurethane foam is expensive and is considered quite difficult to install.

  • Styrofoam . This material is a more technological analogue of foam. Among the advantages, one can note the high density and ease of installation due to the “groove-comb” system. The cost of the material is higher, but in most cases, it is he who is chosen to insulate the basement of a private house.

  • Expanded clay . This material is free-flowing, therefore it is only suitable for laying on the floor. But thanks to the good thermal insulation performance with expanded clay, you can achieve excellent insulation and simultaneous drainage.

It is also possible to use other thermal insulation materials. For example, mineral wool, peat soil, and sawdust are often used for external insulation. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages that you should consider when choosing.

Insulation rules

When finishing the basement, you will need to follow a number of rules and recommendations. It is possible to carry out work only in dry weather and preferably in the warm season. In this case, the soil near the foundation will have a minimum moisture content, which is extremely important not only for external, but also for internal work.

When carrying out external thermal insulation, it is possible to start warming only after the completion of excavation around the perimeter of the entire house. It is advisable to clear a section with a width of 0.3–0.5 m. First, you will need to inspect the foundation for cracks, detachments of materials, irregularities, etc. These defects can affect the strength of fastening of heat-insulating materials and lead to condensation.

When carrying out work, it is imperative to apply a layer of waterproofing and water-repellent mastic, only after that it is possible to mount heat-insulating materials. For external insulation, the use of polyurethane foam and expanded polystyrene is considered preferable. For interior work, you can choose the optimal material for each type of surface.

When performing external thermal insulation, it is important that the insulation material protrudes about 50 cm above the foundation surface (that is, it is located above the ground level).