Cpu for pc: Desktop Processors | Newegg.com

Best CPUs in 2023

The central processing unit (CPU) is one of the most important components inside a PC. It’s what handles all the calculations for just about everything you do on Linux or Windows and so the better the CPU you have, the more you’ll be able to do. This guide showcases the best CPUs available right now from AMD and Intel, taking into account budget, performance, and value.

The best CPUs you can buy in 2023

Intel Core i5-13600K

Best Overall CPU

Our favorite CPU is from Intel’s 13th Gen stack.

The Intel Core i5-13600K is the best value processor from Intel’s 13th Gen family of chips. It strikes a good balance between performance and cost, allowing almost anyone to build a powerful system without destroying the tightest of budgets.


  • Excellent value
  • 14 cores
  • Supports DDR4 and DDR5 RAM


  • High power consumption

$340 at Amazon $340 at Best Buy

The Intel Core i5-13600K is one of Intel’s most affordable Core processors from the 13th Generation, but it’s also one of the best. It replaces its predecessor at the top of our list, thanks largely to Intel taking the same basic design and simply making it better. We loved the Core i5-12600K and the newer chip is better in almost every way. The Intel Core i5-13600K comes with 14 cores and 20 threads, effectively doubling the number of E-cores compared to the Core i5-12600K. This results in a total of 8 efficient cores (E-cores) and 6 performance cores (P-cores) for a total of 14.

All this performance on a chip with a default TDP of 125W. P-cores will always prioritize foreground applications, such as gaming, calling on the E-cores when required, or for background tasks. What all this means in simple terms is outstanding performance in lightly threaded tasks, such as gaming, and competitive performance in heavier, multi-thread workloads. For gaming, you’ll only lose out on a few frames per second compared to an Intel Core i9, but you’ll save on cost and power draw. It’s also unlocked and can be pushed up to a maximum TDP of 181W.

However, if you also end up with an Intel Arc GPU such as the Intel Arc A770, the regular 13600K can use its iGPU in conjunction with the Arc to unlock features like Deep Link and Hyper Encode.

Source: AMD

AMD Ryzen 5 7600

Runner-up Best CPU

The best value processor from AMD is worth considering.

$227 $230 Save $3

AMD’s Ryzen 5 7600 is the new entry-level processor from the company, offering six-core performance at a more affordable price. Capable of boosting up to 5.1GHz, this 65W chip is a mighty package with an efficient architecture for a killer PC build.


  • Excellent overclocking potential
  • Better choice than the 7600X
  • Lower TDP by default


  • No DDR4 RAM support
  • Included cooler isn’t great

$227 at Amazon $230 at Best Buy $227 at Newegg

Intel isn’t alone in offering excellent value processors at a reasonable price and AMD is here with the AMD Ryzen 5 7600. It’s priced lower than the Intel Core i5-13600K and comes with far fewer cores and threads but these cores are considerably faster and you can overclock this 65W chip with ease. Just like the Core i5-13600K, the AMD Ryzen 5 7600 is one of the best processors in terms of value. The new Zen 4 architecture is built on a 5nm process, making the AMD Ryzen 5 7600 incredibly efficient. As was the case with previous AMD Ryzen 5 processors, you’re getting six cores and 12 threads.

Unlike Intel’s 12th and 13th Gen processors, AMD only supports DDR5 RAM with its Ryzen 7000 processors. This does mean you will need a new motherboard for the AM5 socket and DDR5 RAM if you’re moving from an older system with DDR4 memory. And we’re going to return to performance here as 38MB of total cache is fantastic for processing heavy loads. Remember those six cores? They can boost up to 5.1GHz, which is seriously fast and what you’d hope to achieve through overclocking in prior generations of CPUs.

The Ryzen 5 7600 is the stand-out of AMD’s current range. Unless you’re building a workstation or something that needs as many threads as possible, say for streaming or creative work, buying this one is a no-brainer.

Source: AMD

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X

Best CPU for Creators

For those who need a CPU for heavier software.

$550 $700 Save $150

AMD’s Ryzen 9 7950X is the flagship CPU of the Ryzen 7000 series, coming with 16 cores, 32 threads, and a 5.7GHz boost clock.


  • Amazing multi-threaded performance
  • 16 cores and 32 threads
  • Relatively good performance per watt


  • Requires a decent AIO cooler
  • Only supports DDR5 RAM

$550 at Amazon $550 at Best Buy $589 at Newegg

AMD makes some of the most powerful processors in the market and the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X is about as good as you can get without entering enthusiast and workstation territories. Whilst Intel is moving to a hybrid core design, AMD is sticking to its more traditional guns and the Ryzen 9 7950X is about as traditional as you can get with a flagship processor. It has 16 physical cores and 32 threads of raw power. This processor isn’t the best pick for gaming since 16 cores are largely overkill and most of them will remain idle in even the more demanding PC titles.

Where such a processor truly shines is in content creation, be that streaming or video editing. If you need a lot of cores for heavy tasks, this is the CPU for the job. Like the excellent AMD Ryzen 5 7600X, AMD will only be supporting DDR5 RAM here. It’s impressive in use and can even take on Intel’s Core i9-13900K even in single-core tests, which is something Intel used to score big on. Cooling may be a problem if you don’t have a capable AIO liquid cooler at hand. The AMD Ryzen 9 7950X gets hot. Ultimately AMD has made a pretty meaningful update to the Ryzen family and its flagship model is going to be popular with creators.

Source: Intel

Intel Core i9-13900K

Best CPU for Enthusiasts

The CPU for those who want uncompromising performance.

$570 $690 Save $120

Intel’s newest range-topper is a 24-core, 32-thread monster that devours gaming and even the most demanding workloads.


  • Amazing performance
  • 24 cores and 32 threads
  • Supports DDR4 and DDR5 RAM


  • Requires a decent AIO cooler

$630 at Amazon $580 at Best Buy $570 at B&H

The Intel Core i9-13900K is Intel’s flagship 13th Gen processor. It ticks a lot of boxes and is a good choice if you’re building a PC that needs to operate at high tiers of performance. It’s better in most cases to the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X but both CPUs often trade blows, making both a solid pick for a flagship PC build. Intel claims this to be the world’s fastest gaming CPU, but we’d recommend lower-tier processors for gaming alone. Where this processor comes into play is for more intensive workloads. We’re talking encoding, streaming, and other professional applications.

This processor has 24 total physical cores, eight of them being P-cores and 16 E-cores. This results in a total of 32 threads, offering plenty of channels for crunching data. This does mean the chip will draw more power and produce additional heat, but we’d always recommend a decent AIO liquid cooler for such a processor. While the clock speed of the Core i9-13900K falls short of the much more affordable Core i5-13600K, it’s able to turbo boost all the way up to 5.8GHz. Overclockers have managed to take this even further with speeds in excess of 8GHz.

There’s also 36MB of cache to play with and Intel includes support for both DDR4 and DDR5 RAM, allowing you to keep existing modules. There was a time you would have to use an enthusiast platform to get extreme performance, but Intel has firmly established it in the mainstream now.

Source: Intel

Intel Core i3-13100

Best Entry-Level CPU

The cheapest CPU doesn’t mean it’s the worst.

$140 $147 Save $7

Intel’s Core i3-13100 is the company’s cheapest 13th Gen Raptor Lake CPU, with four cores and integrated graphics. It’s perfect if you simply require a CPU to handle some light tasks such as running a server at home or a PC for the office.


  • Excellent budget CPU
  • 4 P-cores with Hyperthreading
  • Low TDP


  • May struggle with multi-threaded tasks

$140 at Amazon $140 at Best Buy

The Intel Core i3-13100 is perfect for those who are looking to score a bargain with a budget-friendly chip. With an MSRP of just $144, it’s incredibly affordable, especially when you consider this thing has four physical cores, making it decent for gaming. Coming with four P-cores means the Core i3-13100 lacks the E-cores as we’ve seen with a lot of other high-end 12th and 13th Gen chips. The lack of hybrid architecture allows this CPU to work independently of Intel’s new Thread Director.

It is also a stellar gaming chip that easily outperforms a lot of AMD’s competing processors. In fact, this particular chip is proven to be almost as good as the Intel Core i5-13600K and Ryzen 5 7600X in gaming, which is very impressive. With proper tuning, the Core i3-13100 is an excellent budget chip for lesser powerful systems that also happens to do well in gaming.

Source: AMD

AMD Ryzen 5 5600G

Best Budget CPU

The perfect processor for playing games without a GPU.

$128 $259 Save $131

The AMD Ryzen 5 5600G is a great APU combining strong CPU performance with best-in-class integrated graphics.


  • Excellent budget CPU
  • Amazing integrated graphics
  • Low TDP


  • Older Zen 3 architecture
  • PCIe 3.0 and no DDR5 RAM support

$128 at Amazon $140 at Best Buy

AMD’s Ryzen 5 5600G with an integrated GPU is our pick for the best budget CPU on the market right now. It entered the market during the worst graphics card shortage in history but even now it’s a seriously good choice. The Ryzen 5 5600G’s Vega graphics will serve you well as long as you’re willing to sacrifice visual fidelity in games, but you’re still getting some of the best integrated graphics. The 6-core Ryzen 5 5600G comes with a 3.7 GHz base and a 4.4 GHz boost clock. It also features 16MB of L3 cache, and seven Radeon RX Vega CUs operating at 1.9 GHz.

It has a configurable TDP (cTDP) of 45W to 65W, although you can expect it to operate at 65W for the most part. It does it without producing too much heat, though. Compared to the more expensive Ryzen 5 7600, the 5600G gets the Radeon RX Vega graphics engine in exchange for 200 MHz of peak CPU boost clock and less than half the L3 cache. You also have to make peace with 24 lanes of PCIe 3.0 instead of PCIe 5.0, but you get support for the DDR4-3200 interface. The 5600G should be good for 720p gaming across a lot of titles, but your experience will be limited the more demanding the resolution or the title.

We’ve noticed this APU struggling to keep even at fairly low settings while working at 1080p resolution. Outside gaming though, it offers solid performance in standard desktop PC applications. The Ryzen 5 5600G gets brownie points for excellent power consumption and efficiency. The 5600G also shaves a lot of overhead costs with its bundled Wraith Stealth cooler and compatibility with AM4 motherboards.

AMD Ryzen 9 7900X3D

Best Gaming CPU

The best CPU for playing games.

AMD’s Ryzen 9 7900X3D is a high-end gaming and productivity CPU with 12 cores and 3D V-Cache. It’s primarily for gaming but can also perform well in core-intensive workloads.


  • Designed for gaming
  • Massive cache
  • Relatively low TDP


  • Pricey
  • No DDR4 support

$539 at Newegg

Picking the best CPU for gaming involves looking at core speeds above all else, as video games are still not designed to run well with 32 threads. Then there’s the cache, which allows the CPU to store and access more data on the chip itself instead of relying on system memory. This is where the incredible AMD Ryzen 9 7900X3D comes into play. It’s designed with gaming in mind thanks to its impressive cache configuration with 140MB of the stuff. For comparison, AMD’s most capable Ryzen 9 7950X has just 81MB.

The AMD Ryzen 9 7900X3D is capable of hitting some high clock speeds with each core capable of hitting 5.6GHz by default. There are still 12 cores and 24 threads, providing plenty of performance headroom for running the latest PC games and background software. It’s expensive, brand new, and has a TDP of 120W, which isn’t too bad in the grand scheme of things, but pair this up with a capable AIO liquid cooler, and you’ll have a monster gaming chip.

Source: AMD

AMD Ryzen Threadripper Pro 5995WX

Best Workstation CPU

You likely don’t need this processor.

The AMD Ryzen Threadripper Pro 5995WX with 64 cores is effectively an overclocked EPYC server CPU, making it the fastest workstation CPU in the world and ideal for any multi-core workload that needs to be finished as soon as possible.


  • Insane performance
  • Massive cache
  • Relatively low TDP


  • Overkill for most people
  • Incredibly expensive

Now it’s time for the big one. The incredibly expensive and powerful AMD Ryzen Threadripper Pro 5995WX is about as good as you can get for a CPU. If you need the absolute most performance available and need a workstation that can handle big data applications, look no further than this flagship AMD processor. It may be Zen 3 and not the newer Zen 4, but you’ll quickly find out why it’s still worth buying. First, let’s talk cores and threads. It has 64 cores and 128 threads, which is an incredible configuration for heavy workloads.

Then there’s support for up to 2TB (2,048GB) of system memory across eight memory channels. To put that into perspective, most consumer-grade CPUs only support up to 128GB. Finally, we’ve got 128 PCIe 4.0 lanes, making the Ryzen Threadripper Pro 5995WX perfect for a highly specialized PC build. This CPU alone is capable of matching or exceeding dual-socket server deployments, which makes the asking price all the more appealing if you truly require this much performance. Gaming is also within the reach of this processor, however, we don’t recommend this CPU just for gaming alone.

Choosing the best CPU

Figuring out what you’re going to do with your PC and allocating a budget for it is a good place to start a PC build. A CPU is not the only core component affecting the performance, but it can certainly hinder the overall output of the rest of the system. A good general all-rounder though for all needs is either the Intel Core i5-13600K or the AMD Ryzen 5 7600X.

Both are “mid-range” CPUs that don’t cost a fortune and they’re also able to deliver some serious performance that will make them useable for years to come. Content creators, enthusiasts, and workstation buyers are equally well-supported, with Intel’s Core i9-13900K a definite stand-out should you require even more performance.

Intel Core i5-13600K

Best Overall CPU

The Intel Core i5-13600K is the best value processor from Intel’s 13th Gen family of chips. It strikes a good balance between performance and cost, allowing almost anyone to build a powerful system without destroying the tightest of budgets.

$340 at Amazon $340 at Best Buy

What is the best CPU?

Picking the best CPU largely comes down to the socket type your selected motherboard has, as well as how much you’re willing to spend. AMD and Intel are the two players in the CPU space for desktop computers, yet there are countless processors across numerous generations that could be considered. This is where choosing the right one can prove daunting to new system builders.

Should you be upgrading an existing system, your options will be limited to the socket and chipset on your motherboard. When shopping around for new PC parts for a complete build, the processor can be selected prior to the motherboard. Regardless, the socket of the motherboard and processor need to match. For example, the Intel Core i5-13600K supports LGA 1700 and the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X only works with AM5.

AMD and Intel at least attempt to make it easy to decipher their respective processor catalogs. The first digit of the four-figure model number denotes the generation. The Core i9-12900K is a 12th Gen Intel processor and the Ryzen 5 7600X is a 7th Gen AMD processor. The best motherboards allow for a processor to be overclocked, providing considerable boosts in performance. Not all processors allow for overclocking, and we’ll note this for each recommendation.

A core is what handles the instructions sent to the CPU. The more cores present on the chip, the more instructions can be processed simultaneously. Then there are threads, which share the resources of a core, effectively splitting it up into multiple processing units. Depending on what you plan on doing with the PC, even the more affordable processors have multiple cores and threads.

The speed of a processor is also important and is measured in gigahertz (GHz). It represents how many pulses per second a CPU is able to handle. The higher these speeds, the more instructions can be processed each second. Boost and burst speeds are what a processor is able to hit during heavy loads and in short durations, respectively.

All about processors (CPUs) – Microsoft Support

Common device terms

  • Common PC and device terms


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Common device terms

Moving to a new PC

Common device terms

Common device terms

All about processors (CPUs)

  • Common PC and device terms


  • All about SSD, HDD, and storage types


  • All about graphics processing units (GPUs)


  • All about computer memory


  • All about processors (CPUs)


  • All about device screens and displays


The central processing unit (CPU) of a device acts like its brain, telling other components what to do. Learn about different processor types, from ones that are great for everyday use to ones that give you more processing power for heavy-duty tasks.

  • Processors tell everything from your graphics processing unit (GPU) to your disk drives and screens what to do.

  • Intel and AMD are some of the most common manufacturers, and they each have different series of processors.

  • In general, the higher the number in the series, the more power you’ll have for processing tasks.

  • Intel Core i5 and AMD Ryzen 5 series are great for everyday use, the 3 series are budget-friendly, and the 7 and 9 series are good for gaming and video and photo editing tasks.

  • Processors are updated frequently, so if you purchase a new device, you’re likely to have a recent version of the processor.

Find a PC that fits your needs

Moving to a Windows 10 PC

Best processors in 2023: ranking of computer models

For gaming, work or compact media center

Nikita Boguslavsky

heart beats at 4 GHz

Author’s profile

There is a processor in every computer, but it is impossible to choose the best one.

I have been building computers for more than 10 years – for myself, for reviews, for friends and even for demo stands at exhibitions. And during this time I realized that most often there are no bad components among the components, only those that are not suitable for specific user tasks.

In this article, I have collected seven of the most suitable models in different categories and price segments. Perhaps the models from the selection are not suitable for your situation – in this case, at the end of the material there is a small guide on self-selection.

When buying a processor, it is important not to make a mistake with the selection of the motherboard, RAM and other components – compatibility is not always obvious from the description in the store. So I recommend checking out Tinkoff Magazine’s PC assembly guide – it will allow you to better understand what’s what.

In this article, I only consider new processors that are available in Russian stores. I am not describing ultra-budget options: very outdated models, chips from the secondary market, and kits with Xeon processors shipped from China.

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Best of the Best Best for games
Intel Core i9-13900K AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D
The best choice for both gaming and demanding work tasks in any field. But to feed and cool it, only the flagship components The best processor for gaming: not very many cores, but high frequency, a lot of cache and minimal latency for the smoothest gameplay
In DNS — 60 999 Р;
on Yandex Market — 52 800 R
In DNS — from 30,799 R;
on Yandex Market – from 26 926 R

graphics cards

Best for Professionals Optimal from Intel
AMD Ryzen 9 7950X Intel Core i5-12400F
16 cores and 32 threads – games and tabs in the browser will never need so many. But for video editing, database processing and engineering simulations, you can’t think of anything better An excellent mid-range chip with a good start to the future. Compatible with low-cost motherboards, but at the same time able to unleash the capabilities of top-end
In DNS — from 52 800 R;
on Yandex Market – from 44 200 R
On Yandex Market — from 15,832 R;
in DNS – from 15 499 Р
Optimal from AMD For PC without graphics card
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X AMD Ryzen 5 5600G
The popular processor of 2020 is still relevant. Great for gaming and work, doesn’t require expensive cooling The best processor for a compact PC: even without a video card, you can work on it, watch movies, and play games
On Yandex Market — from 14,350 R;
in DNS – 13 399 Р
In Citylink — from 10,890 R;
on Yandex Market – from 10 290 R
For budget PC
Intel Core i3-12100F
Only four cores, but which ones: with progressive architecture and high frequency. Good for office work, entertainment and gaming at medium-high quality settings
In “Citylink” – 7990 R;
on Yandex Market – from 7670 R

The best of the best

Intel Core i9-13900K

The best choice for both gaming and demanding work tasks in any field. But to feed and cool it, only the flagship components are suitable

V DNS – 60 999 R;
on Yandex Market-52 800 r

The best for games

AMD Ryzen 7 5800x3D

The best processor for games: not a lot of nuclei, but high frequency, many cache and minimum delays for the most smooth gameplay

V DNS – from 30 799 R;
on Yandex Market – from 26,926 R

The best for professionals

AMD Ryzen 9 7950X

16 cores and 32 threads – you will never need so many for games and tabs in your browser. But for video editing, database processing and engineering simulations, you can’t think of anything better

V DNS — from 52,800 R;
on Yandex Market – from 44,200 R

Optimal from Intel

Intel Core i5-12400F

An excellent mid-range chip with a good foundation for the future. Compatible with low-cost motherboards, but still able to unleash the capabilities of top-end graphics cards

On Yandex Market — from 15,832 R;
in DNS – from £15499

Optimal from AMD

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

The popular processor of 2020 is still relevant. Great for games and work, does not require expensive cooling

On Yandex Market — from 14,350 R;
in DNS – Rs.0005

In Citylink — from 10 890 R;
on Yandex Market – from 10,290 R

For a budget PC

Intel Core i3-12100F

Only four cores, but which ones: with progressive architecture and high frequency. Good for office work, entertainment and games at medium-high quality settings

In Citylink — 7990 R;
on Yandex Market – from 7670 R

But we do not distort or embellish the reviews. The choice of specific things does not depend on whether we receive a commission.

Product reviews in Tinkoff Magazine are independent. We make a verdict based on reviews of things and devices that we carefully studied, or how these things performed during editorial tests.

For reviews, we either request goods from the manufacturer for a test, or we buy them ourselves, or we study reviews in other publications and user opinions. Our reviews are subjective, but honest and expert: opinions are written by authors who have more than one review behind them. The editorial team of Tinkoff Magazine double-checks the texts, proofreads them and conducts fact-checking.

All prices are at the time of publication, but we update them periodically to keep the reviews up to date.

Best of the Best – Intel Core i9-13900K

The best processor for each computer is different, but for this category I chose the most powerful option for any task – complex engineering work, creative tasks and games. Of all the current flagships of the first half of 2023, I consider the Intel Core i9-13900K to be the most balanced and technologically advanced.

The chip consists of two types of cores: 16 small and eight large, they are designated E-cores and P-cores, respectively. The main load falls on eight powerful P-cores, which can independently overclock to 5.8 GHz – this is important, first of all, for games and heavy office applications like huge spreadsheets in Excel. Programs and games run faster on the Core i9 than on any other chip in the collection. Although in most cases the difference is almost impossible to see.

In creative and engineering editors, when compiling code and in other multi-threaded tasks, the top Intel processor also leads. It can process 32 data streams simultaneously: 16 on small cores and two on each large one. When processing hundreds of photos or running several demanding programs at the same time, the computer will not slow down, the main thing is that there is enough RAM.

For gaming, the Core i9 is one of the best. But you should buy it only for a computer with a matching video card: GeForce RTX 3090, RTX 4080 or better. Together, expensive components will perform at their best. If the video card turns out to be weaker, then the performance of games will rest against it, and the processor will be idle.

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The main drawback of the Intel Core i9-13900K is the prohibitive system requirements. This is a very powerful chip, but incredibly hot and gluttonous. It consumes up to 350W of power, meaning a 1000W or more PSU is desirable for the entire system. At the same time, the chip can heat up to 100 ° C even with good cooling – to see the promised frequency above 5.5 GHz, you need a huge “tower” like Noctua NH-D15 or a top-end “dropsy” like DeepCool LT720 or Lian Li Galahad.

Formally, this chip supports overclocking – it can be flexibly configured to achieve greater efficiency and performance. But for most users, overclocking is not relevant, since it is very difficult to maintain the stability and safe temperatures of such a hot processor at home.

A top-level motherboard is also required – with the Z790 chipset and an enhanced power subsystem. It is important that the processor can take as much power as it needs, and no elements on the board overheat. The processor will work without problems on an inexpensive board with an LGA1700 connector, but some features may be limited – for example, the data exchange speed with SSD or the maximum frequency of DDR5 RAM.

On sale, you can find motherboards that support either DDR4 or DDR5. In most programs, the difference between DDR4 and DDR5 is negligible, but in games, DDR5 can provide a boost of up to 30 frames per second.

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AMD Ryzen 7 5800X3D

Ryzen 7 was released in 2022 and has long held the title of best gaming processor due to its exceptional price-performance ratio in games. In 2023, a newer and more powerful Ryzen 7 7800X3D was released, but it is still difficult to buy it in Russia, and because of this it did not get into the main nomination.

This processor has eight fast cores with a fairly high frequency of up to 4.5 GHz – this is the optimal set for games that rarely involve more than 6-8 computational threads. There are higher frequency processors on the market that are slower.

With 16 processing threads, the processor is great at multitasking. You can play and stream at the same time or work on two or three monitors.

The main feature of the Ryzen 7 5800X3D is a special on-chip cache device. When the game is running, the processor finds the data it needs in slow read-only memory, that is, on the SSD. It loads everything you need into faster RAM so that they are at hand. But in order to calculate the movement of all characters, objects and bullets on the screen several hundred times per second, the data must be even closer. Therefore, the most necessary and demanded is placed in the internal super-fast memory inside the processor, which is called the cache.

What video games do Russians like? Thanks to this, the processor accesses RAM much less often and can work more efficiently, without downtime. As a result, the performance increase in games reaches 25-30% compared to a regular Ryzen 7 5800X without a huge 3D cache.

True, a large fast cache is not effective everywhere. For example, for Counter-Strike, core frequency is more important, so in this game, the Ryzen 7 5800X3D lags behind most Intel chips in the same class. Also, the increased cache is useless in work and creative applications: they use the processor differently than games.

For Ryzen 7 5800X3D, mid-range motherboards with the B550 chipset are optimal. It does not consume very much power – even under load, consumption rarely exceeds 150 watts. So the load on the motherboard and power supply is minimal, and an average budget air cooler can handle the cooling.

This processor only works with DDR4. So it is worth assembling a computer with it in such a way that the motherboard, memory and processor will not be upgraded for several years, and then all components will be replaced at once.

It is important that this processor is almost impossible to manually overclock, as increasing voltage and temperature can damage the very 3D cache. So it’s a great option for those who don’t feel like digging into computer settings for a long time and want to get the best performance right after installation.

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  • on Yandex Market – from 26,926 rubles.
  • Alternative. Ryzen 7 7800X3D is a newer version of the 5800X3D that was released in 2023. It is even more powerful, but the essence is the same: a huge cache and eight powerful cores with a frequency of up to 5 GHz.

    New model not compatible with older AMD motherboards – Ryzen 7000 requires new AM5 motherboard, not AM4. The 7800X3D will also need more expensive DDR5 memory and possibly a new cooler. Some older coolers can be installed on boards with AM5, but most are not compatible.

    It is 10-25% faster than the previous generation, but there is a problem: at the beginning of May 2023, it is not sold in large Russian stores.

    How much:

    • at Ozone – from 37,081 R.

    Another alternative. The Intel Core i5-13600KF is comparable to the Ryzen 5800X3D in price and performance in most games. Somewhere it is a little faster, somewhere it lags a little, but in any case, its capabilities will be enough to run any games with maximum graphics settings.

    It has a smaller cache but faster cores, making it better suited for creative work such as video editing, design, and modeling. Please note that here I recommend the KF version, that is, without an integrated video card. Editors are better off buying the more expensive version of the i5-13600K without the F, as the integrated GPU can be used in parallel with the graphics card to speed up rendering and previews.

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    A Core i5-13600KF computer will turn out to be more expensive than with an AMD processor: you will need a more modern and expensive motherboard, a more powerful cooler and a power supply. In part, this chip shares the problems of the Core i9-13900K but on a smaller scale.

    How much it costs:

    • in DNS – from 30 299 R;
    • on Yandex Market – from 23 674 R.

    Best for professionals – AMD Ryzen 9 7950X

    But for a workstation, this is by far the best option, surpassing even some of the professional Threadripper processors.

    Unlike Intel, there is no division into powerful and energy efficient cores. All 16 cores run at up to 4.9GHz and can be divided into 32 full computing threads. There are no special technologies like an increased cache either – it’s just a powerful and very energy-efficient processor.

    Efficiency is AMD’s key advantage over Intel Core i9. Ryzen 9 consumes about 170W in standard mode and about 200W under heavy load in auto overclock mode to 5.7GHz. That is, it is much easier to cool it, the computer as a whole will turn out to be more compact and quieter.

    From 3D Modeling to Mining: 5 Great Reasons to Build Your Own Computer The processor only works with DDR5 memory, but so far it is not very stable. It is important to carefully choose specific memory sticks according to the recommendations of the motherboard manufacturer: if the compatibility is not ideal, the computer may randomly shut down or sometimes slow down.

    How much it costs:

    • in DNS – from 52 800 R;
    • on Yandex Market — from Rs.

      This chip consists of six powerful P-cores, which are divided into 12 computing threads. Unlike more expensive Intel models of the same generation, it was decided not to integrate energy-efficient cores for background tasks at all. Also, there is no built-in video card and a rather small cache memory – 18 MB.

      But for everyday tasks and games, this is enough – especially given the very solid frequency of up to 4.4 GHz. Most games run at maximum settings, such a processor will pull powerful video cards like the GeForce RTX 3080 or RTX 4070. You can play the most demanding new games or train in eSports disciplines.

      Playing and streaming at the same time may not be very comfortable, as there is no built-in video card to help with the processing of streaming video. But it is quite possible to work with several programs at the same time or play and simultaneously keep the browser window and a couple of instant messengers open on the second monitor.

      Best laptops for work and more: 7 great choices

      12th Gen Intel processors work with the same boards as the newer 13th Gen. That is, you can choose between models that support DDR4 or DDR5 memory. In the case of the Core i5-12400F, a DDR4 board is definitely preferable, as it is cheaper, as is the memory for it. Also, do not chase expensive motherboards with the Z690 or Z790 chipset – the mid-budget version with the B660 will suffice, since the processor still does not support overclocking.

      How much:

      • on Yandex Market – from 15 832 R;
      • in DNS – from $15499

      Optimal from AMD – AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

      This is the one I use myself – this is the optimal chip for mid-high-end gaming computers with a video card like GeForce RTX 3070 Ti or Radeon RX 6 800XT.

      Ryzen 5 5600X is a simple and versatile processor with eight cores and 16 compute threads without an integrated graphics card. The frequency is even higher than the Intel Core i5, up to 4.6 GHz. It handles 1440p and 4K games with realistic shadow and reflection tracing without any problems if the graphics card has enough resources.

      For streaming and creative work such as video editing, it is better than the Intel version. More cores means faster rendering. Ryzen 5 5600X In most cases, an inexpensive B500 board with 16GB DDR4 and a 550-600W PSU will suffice. At the same time, the board itself will be more functional than analogues for Intel: for example, it will allow you to overclock the processor and RAM to get a 5-10% increase in games.

      How much:

      • on Yandex Market — from 14,350 R;
      • in DNS – Rs. any popular games.

        Usually, AMD processors are released without integrated graphics cores in order to reduce the price. But on the other hand, models with the letter G in the name usually allow you to safely abandon a separate video card in your home PC – at least if it will be used for cinema, work and communication, and not for games.

        The Ryzen 5 5600G can comfortably play World of Tanks, Dota 2 and Counter-Strike at medium settings in Full HD. More demanding new items will run either at the lowest settings or at a lower resolution. But if you like any Hogwarts Legacy even in this form, you can think about buying a video card for a more comfortable gaming experience.

        The Ryzen 5 5600G is perfect for a compact media center: you can assemble an ultra-compact mini-ITX computer and put it behind a monitor or under a TV. The computer will not attract attention, but at the same time it will provide a full-fledged workplace and convenient access to films, series and live broadcasts. For use with a TV, a wireless keyboard with a built-in touchpad will come in handy – we recommended one of them in our selection of keyboards.

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        Like other AMD processors, the Ryzen 5 5600X is not very picky about cooling and motherboard. The main thing is to make sure that it has an HDMI or DisplayPort output, as some models may not have it. The built-in graphics card will require fast RAM to work properly. It is advisable to install at least two 8 GB DDR4 sticks with a frequency of 3.2 GHz into the computer. In this case, it is impossible to save on memory, since it is needed for two components of the computer at once, it is important that it is enough for all tasks.

        How much:

        • in Citylink — from 10 890 R;
        • on Yandex Market – from 10,290 R.

        For a budget PC – Intel Core i3-12100F

        Among budget models in 2023 there are very successful ones. The choice is large: you can buy a cheaper old model like the Ryzen 5 3600 or try something newer like the Core i3-12100F.

        Intel’s entry-level processor is much more powerful than it looks. There are four productive cores of 4.3 GHz and eight computing threads. Given the modern architecture, in some tasks this chip is more powerful than the legendary flagship Core i7-7700K.

        Models with index F do not have an integrated video core – a video card is required to display the image. The requirements for motherboards and cooling are minimal: in most cases, the simplest motherboard with the H610 chipset and 8-16 GB of DDR4 RAM will be enough. It is important that such boards do not fully support fast NVMe Gen4 SSDs, so you can limit yourself to an inexpensive Gen3 drive or a SATA connection.

        How much:

        • in Citylink – 7990 R;
        • on Yandex Market – from 7670 R.

        How to choose a processor yourself

        The processor is one of the most important parts of a PC. It affects the speed and stability of the computer, the ability to run several programs at the same time. Here I will tell you what to look for when choosing a processor for a home computer.

        Manufacturer. Desktop processors are made by two companies, Intel and AMD. In 2023, there is no clear answer which one to choose: enthusiasts constantly argue, but in fact they are comparable and about equally good in the tasks for which they are intended.

        Intel’s series are called Core i3, i5, i7 and i9 – the higher the number, the more advanced and powerful the model.

        AMD has a similar principle: Ryzen 3, Ryzen 5, Ryzen 7 and Ryzen 9. Series with the same numbers are comparable and are created as direct competitors.

        You can delve deeper into the power of specific processors and compare their performance in one of the Internet benchmarks. For example, from the Tom’s Hardware website.

        Core frequency. Internally, the processor consists of several processing cores that operate at a certain clock speed. The higher the clock speed, the faster programs start and run, and the faster all operations are performed.

        For modern chips, the optimal frequency is from 4 GHz, but among older and budget models there are slower options. The most powerful processors are capable of breaking the 5 GHz barrier.

        Number of cores and threads. The more cores, the more calculations the computer can perform simultaneously. This is important both for running many programs in parallel and for performing heavy tasks: for example, games, video editing, and compiling program code use several threads at once.

        When describing processors, the words “core” and “thread” are used. Here’s how they differ.

        The core is the physical area inside the chip, which is a complete processor. The cores work in parallel and may even differ in performance within the same chip.

        A thread is something like a virtual core. Most modern processors can split each physical core into two independent threads so that it can process more data at the same time. There are always as many or more threads than cores.

        For a modern processor, 6-8 cores and 12-16 threads are optimal. In flagship models, the number of threads reaches 32, and eight can be enough for budget models. Models with less than four cores are better not to consider, since even the basic functions of Windows 10 can slow down on them due to the abundance of background processes.

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        Power consumption and heat dissipation. The processor consumes power and generates heat during operation. The more powerful the chip, the more it consumes and the more it heats up.

        Heat must be removed: if this is not done, the chip will overheat and slow down at first, and then turn off completely to avoid damage.

        When choosing entry-level and mid-range processors, you don’t have to think about it too much. Even the most basic power supplies and coolers for home PCs can handle it here.

        But in the mid-high and flagship segments, you should be more careful: for example, top-end Intel chips can consume over 300 watts of power and generate about the same amount of heat. A computer with such a processor will require a powerful power supply unit of 800 W or more to power the video card, a high-quality motherboard, and a large expensive cooler.

        Socket and chipset. These are components on the motherboard that are directly responsible for compatibility with the processor. Here’s how they differ.

        Socket – The physical socket on the motherboard into which the processor is inserted. Intel changes the mounting scheme every couple of years, and AMD – every 4-6 years. Also compatibility with processor coolers depends on the socket.

        Chipset – a microchip soldered to the motherboard. It is responsible for communicating the processor with other devices and components connected to the board. Several different chipsets can correspond to one socket: they differ in the number of supported USB connectors, M.2 slots for SSD drives, and the ability to manually overclock components.

        Sometimes it happens that the processor is compatible with the socket, but not with the chipset, it is important to check this before buying. Best of all – on the website of the motherboard manufacturer.

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        CPU (CPU) processor – what is a processor, a central processing unit and why is it needed?

        In the article we will talk about what a CPU (central processing unit) is, consider the functions of the processor and analyze how it works.

        A processor is a device responsible for processing information. It is called differently: central processing unit (CPU) or central processing unit (CPU) or central processing unit (CPU), but all these terms refer to an element that is the “brain” of a computing device (smartphone, TV, computer, tablet, camera, server).

        The processor is a square plate with a side of about 5 centimeters, on one side of which are connectors that look like legs. With their help, it is attached to the motherboard – a special element for installing additional extensions.

        Processor power is responsible for the speed of processing commands and affects the productivity of work.

        What does the processor do

        Why do you need a processor in devices? It manages all computational operations and elements. The functions that the CPU performs:

        • performs operations on RAM data.
        • creates commands and processes requests from internal components or external devices.
        • temporarily stores data on operations performed or commands issued.
        • performs logical and arithmetic operations with the received information.
        • transmits the results of information processing to external devices.

        What the CPU is made of

        The CPU is not the final part. It consists of three components:

        1. Processor core.

        The kernel is responsible for the majority of all CPU functions. It decrypts, reads, sends instructions to or receives instructions from other elements. At the same time, the kernel is able to execute only one command, this happens in hundredths of a second. Thus, the presence of one core indicates that the PC or server will execute all instructions in turn. Modern hardware rarely uses single-core processors, as in this case it is very slow.

        The core, in turn, consists of two more parts:

        • Arithmetic logic unit (ALU). It performs arithmetic and logical operations.
        • Control unit (CU). It coordinates the work of all parts of the processor, its interaction with external equipment. This happens with the help of electrical signals.
        1. Memory device.

        This is a small processor memory that stores information about current commands and intermediate results. It consists of cache and registers. Registers are responsible for “remembering” information, and the cache stores frequently executed instructions. Cache access is faster than RAM, so the size of the processor cache affects the speed of the CPU.

        1. Tires

        These are channels for transmitting commands within the processor.

        Main characteristics of processors

        1. Socket (Socket)

        This is the socket for installing the processor on the motherboard. There are many types of sockets, so when choosing a CPU, you need to make sure that its socket fits the motherboard. For example, if the motherboard has an LGA 1151 socket, then you need to select a processor with the same socket, otherwise it cannot be installed.

        1. Clock frequency

        This parameter shows the number of processed operations (cycles) per second. Measured in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz). The higher the clock speed, the better the performance of the processor.

        For example, a 1 MHz processor processes 1 million operations per second, while a 1 GHz processor processes 1 billion operations.

        1. Number of cores

        As mentioned above, the core is the most important part of the processor and the more cores, the more commands the CPU can simultaneously process. The more cores in the processor, the higher its performance and speed of operations.

        1. Number of threads

        Shows how many streams of information can be processed by one core. A thread is a technology that allows you to share the performance of the core, that is, physically the core is one, but in fact it can simultaneously process two processes. Currently, not all processors have additional threads.

        1. Cash

        The cache consists of three memory levels: L1, L2, L3. The more memory, the better the processor works.

        L1 cache – contains the data that the program may need to execute the instruction,

        L2 cache – slower than the first level cache, but larger in size. The L2 cache contains information that may be needed in the future.

        The L3 cache is the largest and also the slowest cache. Its volume varies from 4 to 50 megabytes.

        1. Processor capacity

        This is the number of bits of information that the processor can process in one cycle (operation). For example, the data size per clock is 1 byte, the processor considers it eight-bit (8 bit), if the data size is 2 bytes, then the CPU is sixteen-bit (16 bit), if the size is 4 bytes, the processor is thirty-two-bit (32 bit), in the case of an 8-byte data size, the processor is considered sixty-four-bit (64 bit).

        The larger the data being processed, the better the processor performance.

        How the processor works

        The CPU processes commands in binary code, in simple terms: 0 is “no”, 1 is “yes”. Each request that comes to the processor consists of combinations of two numbers 0 and 1.

        All operations inside the processor are a repeating cycle that does not stop while the computer or server is running: take an instruction from memory, read and decrypt the command, perform actions.

        Consider how the computer processor works in more detail:

        • The processor control unit takes from the RAM, where the program is located, certain data and commands that need to be executed. All this information is loaded into cache memory.
        • Having received data from the cache, the processor writes them to registers. In this case, instructions are sent to the instruction registers, and values ​​are placed in the data registers.
        • After reading the instructions and data, the arithmetic logic unit executes these commands.
        • Command execution results are written to registers. If the calculations are completed, they are also written to the processor’s buffer memory. Since the number of registers is small, intermediate results are stored in the cache.
        • When a calculation cycle is completed, the result is stored in the computer’s RAM to make room in the CPU’s buffer memory for new calculations. If the cache is full, then unused information is sent to the lower-level cache or to RAM.

        Types of processors

        There are processors for small appliances such as laptop computers, phones, they can be called desktop CPUs. The second type of processors – server, designed for equipment that works with huge amounts of data.

        The main functions of desktop processors are to perform the functions of home computers: launching several programs, moving information, working with browsers, writing data to various drives, running games, processing photos and videos. They do not need a large number of cores, but they do need a high clock speed.

        Server processors can handle multiple connected clients and require more cores, higher caches, and more RAM support.

        Also, there are types of processors according to the principle of executing instructions:

        • CISC (Complete Instruction Set Computing) – this type of processor with a complete set of instructions. They are characterized by:

        – a large number of different machine instructions, each instruction is executed in several CPU cycles

        – a small number of general-purpose registers

        – various instruction formats with different lengths

        – the prevalence of multiple addressing

        • RICS (Restricted Instruction Set Computer) – a processor whose performance is increased by simplifying instructions. A RISC CPU uses a limited set of fast instructions.

        Each instruction is executed in one cycle. These processors require fewer transistors, reducing their power consumption and cost. The RISC architecture uses the simplest commands, which simplifies the process of their execution. More complex commands are processed as a composite of “simple” commands.

        • VLIW (Very Long Instruction Word) – processors that work by combining simple instructions into a “bundle”. These commands must be independent of each other and carried out in parallel.

        The VLIW architecture has been known since the early 80s. It is based on the fact that the task of efficient parallel execution of commands is assigned to a “reasonable” compiler (a program that translates commands into machine code). The compiler initially analyzes the entire instruction, selects instructions that can be executed at the same time. Then combines such commands into bundles, which are considered as extra-long commands. The result is several super-long commands that are executed simultaneously.

        How to choose a processor

        There are two major manufacturers on the processor market: AMD and Intel. They are in close competition with each other, although AMD aims to create a niche product with a low price, and Intel aims for top-end, high-performance processors with high efficiency and low power consumption.

        The main characteristics by which you need to choose a processor is: speed (GHz), number of cores, cache memory, clock frequency (MHz or GHz).

        Before proceeding with the selection of the CPU, it is necessary to determine what the processor is for, what tasks are facing the equipment on which the CPU will be installed.

        If you need to perform common tasks (working in search engines, in Word and Excel, reading mail) on a laptop or PC, then you have enough built-in processors with standard parameters.

        Suppose you want to buy a laptop for online gaming or video editing. In this case, you will need more powerful hardware specifications. It is better to choose a PC for games, photo or video processing with processors with at least four cores.

        An octa-core CPU is required for a powerful personal computer, such as professional software applications (3ds Max, Adobe Lightroom Classic, SiSoftware Sandra 2020, Adobe Premiere Pro, AutoCAD) or professional gamers.

        Another important indicator when choosing a CPU is the clock speed. For simple dual-core processors, it is 3.5 GHz – this is the middle class of computers. The higher the clock level, the faster the processor runs. For example, for a gaming laptop, it is desirable to choose a CPU with a frequency of at least 4 GHz.

        Selecting a processor for a server is a separate task that is best left to a specialist. Let us briefly note that it is worth considering a number of parameters: CPU characteristics, structure and composition of the server, how many users it will be designed for, what type of tasks will be performed on it (volume calculations, data storage, placement of programs with constant access to them, etc.