Canciones de colombiano: Las de siempre: top 10 de las canciones más colombianas

Las de siempre: top 10 de las canciones más colombianas

Con una serenata en 1987 dedicada al músico Darío Garzón, del dueto Garzón y Collazos, luego de su fallecimiento, inició la historia del Día Nacional de la Música Colombiana, que se celebra cada 21 de marzo y que ha dejado importantes tradiciones a su paso.

Una de ellas es el Festival Nacional de Música Colombiana, que debido a la pandemia se celebrará en el segundo semestre del año, pero que abrirá su convocatoria desde este domingo, uniéndose a la conmemoración de este día.

No hay mejor herencia de esta fecha que el acervo de canciones que año tras año vuelven a las listas de reproducción. Aquellas letras que desde el más joven hasta el más longevo han coreado en fiestas o reuniones. Por eso, EL NUEVO SIGLO le trae el top 10 de las canciones más colombianas e icónicas, según los expertos y locutores William Vergara y Luisa Piñeros.

1. La pollera colorá

Esta cumbia, una de las canciones más emblemáticas de la historia musical del país, ha estado presente en algún momento en la vida de los colombianos. Su composición se inspiró en el ambiente que se vivía en Barrancabermeja en la década de los 60, una época de prosperidad económica y comercial.

La versión instrumental original fue creada por Juan Madera Castro, pero fue interpretada por primera vez por la orquesta de Pedro Salcedo a principios de esa década. Unos años después fue Wilson Choperna quien compuso la letra.

2. Colombia tierra querida

Sin duda esta canción es una de las composiciones colombianas que más se escucha, incluso en el exterior. Una fusión de ritmos africanos, españoles y con una esencia ancestral indígena, fue la propuesta que el maestro Lucho Bermúdez hizo en Colombia tierra querida, un tema considerado como el ‘himno’ del país.

La canción ha tenido tanta recordación hacia la cultura colombiana que incluso llegó a una de las películas de Disney, Encanto, pues el gigante del entretenimiento publicó un videoclip en el que se mostraba el anuncio de esta cinta musicalizada con este tema.

3. Buenaventura y Caney

Desde Cali Buenaventura y Caney es un infaltable en las rumbas colombianas. La canción es del Grupo Niche, quienes este año pasan por su mejor momento al ganar el Premio Grammy Latino y el Premio Grammy Anglo con el mismo disco, 40 Ruedas, el cual recoge la obra que durante cuatro décadas la agrupación ha creado.

4. La vamo’ a tumbar

La composición es de Octavio Panesso Arango, líder del Grupo Saboreo, caracterizado por melodías que incluyen los sonidos del piano, el bajo eléctrico y percusiones originarias de la salsa.

El tema sigue vigente y ha alcanzado un nivel de popularidad alto por su reproducción en emisoras, fiestas y discotecas en el país.


  • Le puede interesar: Festival de Música Colombiana enciende sus primeros reflectores

5. La tierra del olvido

Este es tal vez uno de los mayores éxitos de la carrera de Carlos Vives, el cantautor samario que no solo se ha ganado el corazón de cientos de colombianos, sino también ha recorrido escenarios internacionales con sus letras de romance y que pintan la esencia de la cultura nacional.

6. En Barranquilla me quedo

En 1988 ‘El Joe’ Arroyo grabó esta canción con la que la mayoría se identifica. Un homenaje que el artista cartagenero inmortalizó en esta canción que describe la alegría que se vive en las calles de Barranquilla. La noche es otra de las canciones

Su música ha trascendido el tiempo, las generaciones y ahora los formatos. La música de Álvaro José Arroyo cuenta la historia del territorio nacional y la de luchas aún vigentes en las que él fue un vocero temprano.

7. Estoy Aquí

Esta canción recuerda a los años más roqueros de Shakira, quien se ha convertido en una de las artistas colombianas más famosas y reconocidas a nivel internacional. Estoy aquí hace parte del disco debut de la artista barranquillera Pies descalzos. Adicionalmente, la tres veces ganadora del Grammy ha vendido más de 80 millones de sencillos y álbumes.

8. La piragua

José Barros es el autor de esta canción que hace parte de un repertorio compuesto por más de 800 temas. La piragua, que ha sido reinterpretada por varias estrellas de la música colombiana, está inspirada en la infancia del maestro Barros, así lo mencionó en una entrevista a El Heraldo: “Fue inspirada en mi niñez, por allá a comienzos de los 20; empecé a escribirla a finales de los 40 y la terminé en 1967”.

9. Aguacero de mayo

Esta canción es de Totó La Momposina, quien se ha dedicado a la representación de la música de la costa caribeña de Colombia. Como cantante, bailarina y maestra encarna ese lugar fértil donde las culturas africanas de Colombia, las culturas indígenas indias y españolas se mezclan para crear una tradición musical única. 

Nacida en una familia de músicos que abarca cinco generaciones, Totó aprendió a cantar y bailar cuando era una niña. Esta destacada artista continúa trabajando incansablemente para promover la música de su tierra natal, impulsada por la pasión y la alegría simple de hacer conciertos.

10. El preso

Para cerrar este top 10 está El preso, un clásico de la salsa que aún pone a bailar a cientos en discotecas nacionales e internacionales. La canción de Fruko y sus Tesos es una composición de Álvaro Velásquez, quien también sacó éxitos como Tonterías o La libertad.

Un plus

Es inevitable que numerosos temas se queden por fuera de este ranking, ya que según los expertos es una cuestión de generaciones, por lo que también Vergara recordó algunas canciones para aquellos que prefieren los años dorados de la cumbia, el porro, la carranga y otros géneros con melodías como Pueblito viejo, interpretada por el dúo Garzón y Collazos; Cumbia cienaguera, Espumas, la gota fría, Cosita linda y La cucharita.

Por su parte, Piñeros también resalta algunas interpretaciones de generaciones más jóvenes como Mi Colombia, del Sistema Solar; Fuego, de Bomba Estéreo; Esta vida, de Jorge Celedón, entre otras más.

Revive la nostalgia: 7 canciones colombianas inolvidables

Algunas composiciones que marcaron a muchas generaciones. ¿Cuál es su favorita?

Cultura

Radio Nacional de Colombia

Desde Radio Nacional de Colombia celebramos la diversidad de ritmos, instrumentos y compositores que en cada región del país se han convertido en la banda sonora de generaciones de millones de colombianos. Desde el sabor caribe de José Barros, Totó la Momposina, pasando por Garzón y Collazos, Silva y Villalba hasta la carranga de Jorge Velosa, el país palpita en cada una de estas canciones.

La Piragua

“Me contaron los abuelos que hace tiempo, navegaba en el Cesar una piragua, que partía del Banco viejo puerto a las playas de amor en Chimichagua” esta letra se fijó en la memoria de miles de colombianos y hace parte de la prolífica obra del compositor José Barros. En la lista de canciones memorables de este autor se suman ‘El Pescador’, ‘Momposina’ y ‘Palmira Señorial’, entre otras.

 

Campesina Santandereana

Con letra de José A. Morales y popularizada en las voces de Silva y Villalba y los Hermanos Martínez, esta canción rinde homenaje a las raíces campesinas de su autor y su tierra, Socorro-Santander.

 

La Cucharita

‘La Cucharita’ de Jorge Velosa y Los Carrangueros de Ráquira tiene un lugar especial en la memoria de los colombianos. En el libro ‘La Cucharita: historia de una canción’ del periodista Germán Izquierdo, el escritor cuenta los antecedentes de una canción que surgió por un regalo del campesino Gregorio Martínez de la vereda Velandia de Boyacá.

Quítate de mí escalera

Desde el Pacífico Colombiano el sonido de la marimba y las voces de las cantaoras: ‘Quítate de mí escalera’ interpretado por el Grupo Socavón hace parte de las melodías emblemáticas de esta región.

 

Pueblito Viejo

Considerada un himno de la música colombiana. La canción fue escrita por el maestro José A. Morales inspirado en las calles de Socorro-Santander

 

La Casa en el aire

Escrita por el maestro Rafael Escalona e interpretada por Carlos Vives, Rosario Flores, entre otros. La Casa en el Aire, fue una de sus composiciones más queridas del músico de Patillal, César, junto a otras melodías como ‘Jaime Molina’ y ‘La Creciente’.

 

La Pollera Colorá

Cumbia insignia del país en festivales nacionales e internacionales del compositor Wilson Choperena del Plato-Magdalena. 

In Colombia, the largest consignment of cocaine in the history of the country was seized – RBC

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Colombian police seized a record consignment of cocaine weighing 12 tons from drug traffickers, it is the largest in the history of the republic. This was stated by President Juan Manuel Santos, who visited the scene, RCN reports.

400 police officers took part in the special operation called “Agamemnon-2”. The drug shipments were hidden in four banana farms in the Antioquia department in northwestern Colombia. There, cocaine was brought by drug traffickers from ten regions of Colombia.

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However, according to the police, the drug consignment ultimately belonged to one of the major Colombian gangs, the Gulf Clan, led by Dario Antonio Usuge, nicknamed Othoniel. The Colombian authorities consider the gang to be one of the most dangerous criminal groups in the country. Gang members are engaged in extortion and drug trafficking.

Music genre – Latin American music

Briefly about Latin Music

Latin American music (abbr. Latino (latino)) – Latin American music refers to music originating from Latin America, namely from Romance-speaking countries and territories South America and the Caribbean south of the United States. Latin American music also includes the African music of slaves who were brought to the Americas by European settlers, as well as the music of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. Due to its highly syncretic nature, Latin American music covers a wide range of styles, including influential genres such as cumbia, bachata, bossa nova, merenga, rumba, salsa, samba, son, and tango. During the 20th century, many styles were influenced by the music of the United States, giving rise to genres such as Latin pop, rock, jazz, hip hop, and reggaeton.

Geographically, it usually refers to the Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking regions of Latin America, but sometimes also includes the French-speaking countries and territories of the Caribbean and South America. It also covers Latin American styles that originated in the United States, such as salsa and tejano. The origins of Latin American music can be traced back to the Spanish and Portuguese conquest of the Americas in the 16th century, when European settlers brought their music from overseas. Latin American music is performed in Spanish, Portuguese and, to a lesser extent, French.

Popular Musical Styles of Latin Music by Country and Territory

Argentina

Tango is probably the most famous music genre in Argentina known all over the world. Other styles include chacarera, milonga, zamba and chamame. Modern rhythms include cuarteto (music from the province of Córdoba) and electrotango.

Argentine rock (locally known as rock nacional) was the most popular in the 1980s and remains the most popular music in Argentina. Rock en Español was first popular in Argentina and then spread to other Latin American countries and Spain. This movement was known as the “Argentine wave”. Europe has strongly influenced this style, as immigrants brought their musical style with them.

Bolivia

Among the national styles of South America, Bolivian music is most closely related to its indigenous population. After the nationalist period of the 1950s, Aymara and Quechuan culture became more widespread and their folk music evolved into a more pop sound. Los Chiarcas played a key role in this merger. Other forms of local music (such as huaynos and caporales) are also widely played. Cumbia is another popular genre. There are also lesser known regional forms such as the music from Santa Cruz and Tarija where styles such as Cueca and Chacarera are popular.

Brazil

Brazil is a large, diverse country with a long history of popular music development, from the pioneering samba of the early 20th century to modern Brazilian popular music. Bossa nova is well known all over the world and Forro is also well known and popular in Brazil. Lambada is influenced by rhythms such as cumbia and merengue. Funk Carioca is also a very popular style.

Chile

Many musical genres are native to Chile; one of the most popular was the Chilean romantic cumbia, exemplified by artists such as Américo and Leo Rey. Nueva Canción originated in 1960s and 1970s and spread in popularity until the Chilean coup d’état in 1973, when most of the musicians were arrested, killed or exiled.

Several styles can be found in the central part of Chile: Cueca (national dance), Tonada, Refalosa, Sajuriana, Zapateado, Kuando and Waltz. In the Norte Grande region, traditional music resembles that of southern Peru and western Bolivia and is known as Andean music. This music, which reflects the spirit of the indigenous people of the Altiplano, was the inspiration for Nueva Canción. The Chiloe archipelago has unique folk music styles due to its isolation from the cultural centers of Santiago.

The music of Chilean Polynesia, the music of Rapa Nui, comes from Polynesian culture, but not from colonial society or European influences.

Costa Rica

The music of Costa Rica is represented by such musical expressions as parrandera, The Tambito, waltz, bolero, gang, calypso, chiquichiqui, mento The run and callera. They arose from migration processes and historical exchanges between indigenous peoples, Europeans and Africans. Typical instruments are kihongo, marimba, ocarinas, low drawer, sabak, reed flutes, accordion, mandolin and guitar.

Cuba

Cuba has created many musical genres and a number of musicians in a wide variety of styles. Mixed styles range from danzon to rumba.

Colombia

Colombian music can be divided into four musical zones: Atlantic coast, Pacific coast, Andean region and Los Llanos. Atlantic music includes rhythms such as cumbia, porros, and mapale. Music from the Pacific coast has rhythms such as currulao – which is tinged with Spanish influences, and Jota chocoana (along with many other predominant Afro drum musical forms) – tinged with African and aboriginal influences. Colombian Andean has been heavily influenced by Spanish rhythms and instruments and differs markedly from the native music of Peru or Bolivia. Typical forms include bambuco, pasillo guabina and torbellino played with piano and stringed instruments such as the tiple guitarra. The music of Los Llanos, musica llanera, is usually accompanied by harp, cuatro (a type of four-string guitar) and maracas. It has much in common with the music of the Venezuelan Llanos.

In addition to these traditional forms, two new musical styles have conquered much of the country: salsa, which spread throughout the Pacific coast, and vallenato, which originated in La Guajira and Cesar (on the Northern Caribbean coast). The latter is based on European accordion music. Meringue music is also heard. Recently, music styles such as reggaeton and bachata have also become popular.

Dominican Republic

The merengue tipico and the merengue orchestra have been popular in the Dominican Republic for many decades and are widely considered national music. Bachata is a musical phenomenon that takes influence from the Bolero and is derived from the rural guitar music of the country. Bachata has developed and grown in popularity over the past 40 years in the Dominican Republic and other areas (such as Puerto Rico) with the help of artists such as Antoni Santos, Luis Segura, Luis Vargas, Teodoro Reyes, Joscar Sarante, Alex Bueno and Aventura. Bachata, merengue and salsa are now equally popular among the Spanish-speaking Caribbean. When the Spanish conquistadors crossed the Atlantic, they brought with them a type of music known as gesparo, which contributed to the development of Dominican music. The romantic style is also popular in the Dominican Republic with vocalists such as Angela Carrasco, Anthony Rios, Dario Primero, Maridalia Hernandez and Olga Lara.

Ecuador

Traditional Ecuadorian music can be classified as Mestizo, Amerindian and Afro-Ecuadorian music. Mestizo music originated from the relationship between Spanish and Indian music. It has rhythms such as pasacalles, pasillos, albazos and sanjuanitos and is played on stringed instruments. There are also regional variations: coastal styles such as waltz (similar to the Peruvian waltz) and montubio music (from a coastal highland).

Amerindian music in Ecuador is influenced to varying degrees by the Quichua culture. Inside it are sanjuanitos (unlike the sanjuanito mestizos), capishki, danzantes and yaravis. The music of the non-Quichua indigenous peoples ranges from the music of Tsahila of Santo Domingo (influenced by the neighboring Afro-Marimba) to the Amazonian music of bands such as Shuar.

Black Ecuadorian music can be divided into two main forms. The first type is black music from the coastal province of Esmeraldas, which is characterized by the marimba. The second variety is black music from the Chota Valley in Northern Sierra Leone (primarily known as the bomba del chota), characterized by a more pronounced mestizo and Amerindian influence than the esmeraldina marimba. Most of these musical styles are also played by brass bands of various sizes at popular festivals around the country. Like other Latin American countries, Ecuadorian music includes local representatives of international styles: from opera, salsa and rock to cumbia, thrash and jazz.

El Salvador

Salvadoran music can be compared to the Colombian style of music known as cumbia. Popular styles in modern El Salvador (besides cumbia) are salsa, bachata and reggaeton. Political chaos tore the country apart in the early 20th century, and music was often suppressed, especially by those with strong local influences. In the 1940s, for example, it was announced that a dance called “Xuc” was to be the “national dance”, which was created and led by Paquito Palavicchini and his Orquestra Internacional Polio. In recent years, reggaeton and hip hop have gained popularity, led by groups such as Pescozada and Mecate. Salvadoran music has a musical style influenced by Mayan music (played on the border of El Salvador and Guatemala, in Chalatenango). Another popular style of music not native to El Salvador is known as Punta, Belizean, Guatemalan and Honduran style.

Some of El Salvador’s leading classical composers include Alex Panama, Carlos Colon-Quintana and German Caceres.

French Guiana

The music of French Guiana (or Guiana music) is a very rich and varied music of several styles and cultures, brought from Europe, Africa and the Americas by the Indians due to its history and its multinational diversity.

Kaseko is a musical genre from French Guiana. It also denotes drums, as well as the dance of this musical genre. It is a fusion of African, European and American styles.

Aleke is a style of drum music that originated in the 1950s. It is similar to salsa and merengue music. The first big band was Salka, followed by big bands like Bigi Ting and Fondering. Contemporary performers include Bigi Moni (Saint Laurent), Bigi Libi and young Clemencia (Grand Santi), morbid tone melody and big control (Papaichton), slave and Bigi Lia (Maripasoula). Historical groups include Pokinu and Lagadissa (from Paramaribo), Clemencia and Alcova (from Grand Santi), Rasta (from Papaichthon), Tranga Ouzel (from Maripasoula), Mabuya (from Apatou), Sviti Lobi (from Albina), Sapathia , Lespeky and Africa (from Saint Laurent du Maroni).

Bigi pokoe is a style of dance music from the west of French Guiana and Suriname. It is traditionally played with drums and maracas, although guitars, keyboards and percussion instruments are used today. The main representatives of this style are Intermix, Tchoutcha, Inter Spoity (Apatou), Multi System and Compress 220v (Saint Laurent), which toured Europe in 1999.

Another type of music from French Guiana is Bushee. Bushee is ethno-negro music, which includes important species such as: Awassa, Mato and Soussa. Other rhythms and styles include the kavina.

Guatemala

Guatemala has a very long and varied musical tradition.

Vatemalan music has styles such as marimba, garifuna, and types such as chumba and hunguhunga, and other forms of dance music include matamuerte, gunchey, charikawi and sambay.

Haiti

Haitian music combines a wide range of influences drawn from the many people who settled on this Caribbean island. It reflects French, African rhythms, Spanish elements and others that inhabited the island of Hispaniola and minor local Taino influences. Styles of music unique to the nation of Haiti include music derived from Vodou ceremonial traditions, Rara parade music, Twoubadou ballads, mini-jazz rock bands, the Rasin Movement, Kreyol hip hop, the wildly popular Compas, and Mering as the main beat.

Developing in Haiti in the mid-1800s, the Haitian meringue (known as meringue in Creole) is considered the oldest surviving form of its kind, performed today, and is its national symbol. According to Jean Fouchard, merengue developed from the fusion of slave musical genres (such as Chica and Kalenda) with ballroom forms associated with Franco-Haitian contredance (Creole contradance). The name merengue, he says, comes from the mourning music of the bara, the Bantu people of Madagascar. The fact that few Malagasy came to the Americas casts doubt on this etymology, but it is important because it highlights what Fouchard (and most Haitians) consider the African nature of their music and national identity.

Very popular today is compas, short for compas direct, a modern meringue made popular by Nemours Jean-Baptiste on a recording released in 1955. The name comes from compas, a Spanish word for rhythm or tone. It features mostly medium to fast tempo rhythms with an emphasis on electric guitars, synthesizers, and either an alto saxophone lead, horn section, or synthesizer equivalent. In Creole, it is written as konpa direk or simply konpa. It is usually spelled as it is pronounced as compa.

Honduras

The music of Honduras ranges from Punta and Paranda (a local Garifuna genre) to Caribbean music such as salsa, merengue, reggae and reggaeton (all of which are widely heard, especially in the north). Mexican ranchera music has a large following in rural areas of the country. The country’s ancient capital, Comayagua, is an important center for contemporary Honduran music and home to a college of fine arts.

Mexico

Mexico is perhaps one of the most musically diverse countries in the world. Each of its 31 states, its capital, and each of its districts in Mexico City lay claim to unique styles of music. The most representative genre is mariachi music. Although usually incorrectly portrayed as buskers, mariachis musicians play highly technical, structured music or blends such as jarabe. Most mariachi music is sung in prose poetry. Ranchera, Mexican country music, differs from mariachi in that it is less technical and its lyrics are not sung in prose. Other regional music includes: son jarocho, son huasteco, cumbia sonidera, mexican pop, rock en espanol, mexican rock and canto nuevo. There is also music based on the sounds produced by dancing (for example, zapateada).

Northeastern Mexico is home to another popular style called nortena, which assimilates Mexican rancho with Colombian cumbia and usually plays with Bavarian accordions and a bohemian polka influence. Variations of nortena include duranguense, tambora sinaloense, corridos, and nortec (norteno-techno). In the eastern part of the country, the harp is widely used, typical of the son arocho style. Music in southern Mexico is especially represented by the use of the marimba, which has its origins in the Soconusco region between Mexico and Guatemala.

The North Central has recently spawned Tectonic music, combining electro and other dance genres with more traditional music. Salsa (music) also played an important role in Mexican music featured by Sonora Santanera. Currently, reggaeton is very popular in modern Mexico.

Nicaragua

The most popular musical style in Nicaragua is palo de mayo, which is both a type of dance music and a festival where dance and music originated. Other popular music includes marimba, folklore, Niku’s dream, folk music, merengue, bachata and salsa.

Panama

The music of Panama is the result of mestizos and has developed over the past five hundred years between Iberian traditions, especially Andalusian, American Indian and West African traditions. Metisah, which has been enriched by the cultural exchange caused by several waves of migrations taking place in Europe, in various parts of the Caribbean (mainly in Barbados, Trinidad, Jamaica and St. Lucia) in Asia and at several points in South and North America. These migrations were driven by the Spanish colonization of the Americas, which was forced to use the royal route of Panama as an interoceanic trade route that included the slave trade, trade in the products of the exploitation of the silver mines in the Vice-Kingdom of Peru during the 16th and 17th centuries; the legendary treasures of the Portobelo fair, between the 17th and 18th centuries; to the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, begun in 1850, and the inter-oceanic canal, begun by France in 1879completed by the United States in 1914 and expanded by Panama since 2007.

With this rich cultural heritage, Panama has made a significant contribution to the development of cumbia, Decima, Panama saloma, Pasillo, Panama Bund, Bullerengue, Punto music, Tamborito, Mehorana, Panamanian Murga, Tamborera (examples: Guarare and Tambor de la Alegria ), bolero, jazz, salsa, reggae and calypso through composers such as Nicolás Aceves Nuñez (hall, cumbia, tamborito, pasillo), Luis Russell (jazz), Ricardo Fabrega (bolero and tamborera), José Luis Rodríguez Vélez (cumbia and Bolero), Arturo “Chino” Hassan (Bolero), Nando boom (reggae), Lord Cobra (Calypso), Ruben Blades (salsa), Danilo Perez (jazz), Vicente Gomez Gudinho (Pasillo), Cesar Alcedo and many others.

Paraguay

Paraguayan music relies heavily on two instruments: the guitar and the harp, which were brought by the conquistadors and found their own voice in the country. The Paraguayan polka, which takes its name from a European dance, is the most popular type of music and has various versions (including gallop, kraye, and cansion Paraguay, or “Paraguayan song”). The first two are faster and more optimistic than the standard polka; the third is a little slower and a little melancholy. Other popular styles include purahei jahe’o and compuesto (which tell sad, epic or love stories). The polka is usually based on poetic texts, but there are some symbolic pieces of Paraguayan music (for example, “Pæjaro Campana” or “Songbird” by Felix Pérez Cardozo).

Guaranha is the second most famous Paraguayan musical style created by the musician José Asunción Flores in 1925.

Peru

Peruvian music consists of local, Spanish and West African influences. Coastal Afro-Peruvian music is characterized by the use of cajon peruano. Indian music varies by region and ethnicity. The most famous Amerindian style is the Huayno (also popular in Bolivia), played on instruments such as the charango and guitar. Métis music is varied and includes popular waltzes and marinera from the north coast.

Puerto Rico

The history of music on the island of Puerto Rico begins with its original inhabitants, the Tainos. The Indians secretly had a great influence on the culture of Puerto Rico, leaving behind important contributions such as their musical instruments, language, food, plant medicine, and art. At the core of much Puerto Rican music is the idea of ​​improvisation in both music and lyrics. The performance takes on an added dimension when the audience can anticipate one performer’s reaction to a difficult piece of music or clever lyrics created by another. When two singers, either both men or a man and a woman, participate in a vocal competition in musica jíbara, this is a special type of seis called polemic. Of all the musical exports of Puerto Rico, the most famous is reggaeton. Bomb and captivity have long been popular, and reggaeton is a relatively recent invention. It is a form of urban contemporary music, often combining other Latin American music styles, Caribbean and West Indian music (eg reggae, Socca, Spanish reggae, salsa, merengue and bachata). Jn originates from Panamanian Spanish reggae and Jamaican dancehall, but gained its popularity through Puerto Rico.

Tropikeo is a fusion of rhythm and blues, rap, hip hop, funk and techno music into a tropical salsa musical in which conga drums and timpani drums are the main source of the rhythm of the melody, combined with a heavy salsa “montuno” piano. The lyrics of the song may be tapped or sung, or used in a combination of both styles, and also danced in both styles. Aguinaldo from Puerto Rico is similar to Christmas carols, except that they are usually sung in a parranda, which is more like a busy parade that moves from house to house in the neighborhood looking for holiday food and drink. These melodies were subsequently used for improvised decima and seis. There are Aguinaldos that are usually sung in churches or religious services, while there are Aguinaldos that are more popular and are sung in parrandas.

Danza is a very complex form of music that can be extremely varied in its expression; they can be either romantic or festive. Romantic Danzas are in four sections, beginning with an eight-dimensional paseo followed by three themes of sixteen bars each. The third theme usually includes a bombardino solo and often a return to the first theme or coda at the end. Festive Danzas are free-form, with the only rules being an intro and a fast rhythm. Plena is a narrative song from the coastal areas of Puerto Rico, especially around Ponce, Puerto Rico. Its origin was repeatedly stated as early as 1875 and at the end of the 1920 years. When rural farmers moved to San Juan, Puerto Rico and other cities, they brought captivity with them and eventually added horns and impromptu call and response vocals. Lyrics usually deal with stories or current events, although some of them are flippant or humorous.

Venezuela

Llanera is Venezuelan popular music originating in the Llanos plains, although a more upbeat and festive version of gaita is heard in western Venezuela (especially in the state of Zulia). There are also African styles that emphasize drumming and dance, as well as styles as diverse as music from the Guayana region (influenced by neighboring English-speaking countries) and Andean music from Mérida.

Uruguay

Uruguayan music has the same roots as Argentine. Uruguayan tango and milonga are both popular styles, and the folk music along the River Plate is indistinguishable from its Argentine counterpart. Uruguay rock and cancion popular (Uruguayan versions of rock and pop music) are popular local forms. Candombe, a style of drumming inherited from African slaves in the area, is the quintessential Uruguayan (although played to a lesser extent in Argentina). It is most popular in Montevideo, but can also be heard in a number of other cities.

Popular Styles

Nueva cancion

Nueva cancion (new song) is a social movement and musical genre in Iberian America and the Iberian Peninsula, characterized by folk styles and socially oriented lyrics. It is generally accepted that Nueva Canción played a major role in the pro-democracy social upheaval in Portugal, Spain and Latin America during the 1970s and 1980s.

Songs reflecting the conflict have a long history associated with Spain, and in Latin America have been particularly associated with “corrido” songs, about the Mexican War of Independence after 1810 and the early 20th century revolution. Nueva Canción appeared almost simultaneously at 1960s in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Spain. The musical style emerged soon after in other parts of Latin America, where it became known by similar names. Nueva Canción revived traditional Latin American folk music and was soon associated with revolutionary movements, Latin American New Left, liberation theology, hippies, and human rights movements due to political lyrics. It gained great popularity throughout Latin America and left its mark on several other genres such as Ibero-American rock, cumbia and Andean music.

Nueva Canción musicians often faced censorship, exile, torture, death or enforced disappearance as a result of the wave of right wing military dictatorships that swept through Iberian America and the Iberian Peninsula during the Cold War era, such as Francoist Spain, Pinochet’s Chile, Salazar’s Portugal and Argentina species and Galtieri.

Due to the strong political messages of Nueva Canción songs, some of them were used in later political campaigns, the Orange Revolution, which used “Gracias a la Vida” by Violetta Parra. Nueva canción has become part of the Latin American and Iberian musical canon, but is no longer mainstream of the genre and has given way to other genres, especially rock in Spanish.

Salsa

Based on Cuban music (especially Cuban son and son montuno) in rhythm, tempo, bassline, riffs and instrumentation, Salsa is a fusion of musical styles including rock, jazz and other Latin American (and Puerto Rico) Rican) musical traditions. Modern salsa (as it has come to be known around the world) was forged in New York City’s pan-Latin melting pot in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Latin Trap

Latin Trap became known around 2015. It has influences from American trap and reggaeton music.

Reggaeton

Reggaeton (also known as regueton) is a musical genre that originated in Puerto Rico in the late 1990s, influenced by hip hop and Latin American and Caribbean music. Vocals include rapping and singing, usually in Spanish.

Latin Ballad

The Latin (or romantic) ballad is a Latin musical genre that originated in the 1960s. This genre is very popular in Spanish America and Spain and is characterized by a sensitive rhythm. A descendant of the bolero, it has various variants (such as sauce and cumbia). Since the mid-20th century a number of artists have been popularized by genera like Julio Iglesias, Luis Miguel, Enrique Iglesias, Alejandra Avalos, Cristian Castro, and José José.